Baccharis halimifolia L.
- Common Name(s):
- Coyote bush, Groundsel tree, Groundsel tree , Salt marsh elder, Sea myrtle
- Native Plants, Shrubs
Baccharis spp. is in the Asteraceae (daisy) family, and is native to the coastal areas of the eastern US. There are several similar Baccharis species which form large shrubs or small trees. Groundsel tree, Baccharis halimifolia, is native to the southeastern US coastal plain, but is spreading. It is occasionally sold in the nursery trade for its unique foliage and flowering season. It has brittle wood and is usually multi-trunked. Foliage is covered with a white waxy layer, making the foliage look grey; seedlings somewhat resembling lambsquarters. In the fall and winter plants may be covered with white to cream colored flower heads. Seeds are shed in late fall or winter. Wind dispersed seeds blow into landscapes during the winter months.
It is tolerant to heat, drought, wet sites, and salt spray. If desired in the landscape it is best used as filler or on the edge of a natural area. It can be weedy and if undesired, the seedlings are not well controlled by preemergence herbicides, and selective postemergence controls are not available. Hand pulling seedlings when small is the best option for removal.
- 5-12 ft.
- Alternate, simple leaves; 1-3 in.; coarsely toothed; bright green to gray-green; non-showy fall color
- Female plant is covered with cottony fruit that persists into early winter
- Semi-evergreen to deciduous
- Sun to partial shade; tolerates range of soil types, even poor fertility and wet sites
- Multi-stemmed, irregular, open, airy shrub; can become leggy
- Tolerates a wide range of soil types (wet, dry, brackish)
- Female plant covered with shiny, white clouds in fall
- 5-7 ft.
NCCES plant id: 447