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Saccharum giganteum

Phonetic Spelling
sah-KAY-rum jy-GAN-tee-um
Description

A native ornamental grass known as sugarcane in the Poaceae family. Tolerates air pollution and being planted near black walnut trees.  Can grow 15'-20' tall in tropical areas but typically grow to 8' outside the tropics. Has large arching leaf blades with sharp edges. Can be planted as a specimen or in large groups.

Sugarcane Plumegrass is a perennial grass that reaches 8 feet in height when in bloom. Long, narrow, alternate leaves are located mostly on the lower stem; long white hairs are present at the base of the leaves. Golden plumes appear in fall at the top of tall, erect stems.

Seasons of Interest:

     Bloom: Fall; Fruit/Seed/Nut: Fall/Winter

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#specimen#wildlife plant#cover plant#winter interest#host plant#air pollution tolerant#black walnut#seeds#host#food source#NC native#deer resistant#native ornamental grass#food source winter#food source fall#bird friendly#butterfly friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#specimen#wildlife plant#cover plant#winter interest#host plant#air pollution tolerant#black walnut#seeds#host#food source#NC native#deer resistant#native ornamental grass#food source winter#food source fall#bird friendly#butterfly friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Saccharum
    Species:
    giganteum
    Family:
    Poaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Root Cutting
    Seed
    Wildlife Value:
    Provides cover year round. Host plant for the Clouded Skipper butterfly. Seeds eaten sparingly by songbirds.
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Highly deer resistant. Tolerates air pollution and being planted near black walnut trees.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 8 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Ornamental Grass
    Perennial
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a, 10a, 10b
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Winter
    Fruit Type:
    Caryopsis
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Gray/Silver
    Pink
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Description:
    Golden plumes appear in fall at the top of tall, erect stems.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Lawn
    Pond
    Riparian
    Landscape Theme:
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Heat