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Rubus idaeus var. idaeus

Phonetic Spelling
ROO-bus eye-DAY-ee-us
Description

This genus, the brambles, has two main varieties, Rubus idaeus var. idaeus (European raspberry) which is native to Eurasia and Rubus idaeus var. strigosus (American red raspberry) which is native to a large part of North America. These two cultivars, or a cross of both, are typical of commercially grown raspberries.

Rubus idaeus var. idaeus, or Red raspberry, is an erect to spreading perennial shrub in the Roseaceae family primarily grown for its very tasty fruits. First-year canes (stems) bear only leaves while lateral second-year canes produce flowers and fruits. Prune to keep plants well-maintained, but care must be used to avoid pruning the second-year growth that will bear fruit. It is generally best to prune out old, summer-bearing canes as soon as fruiting is over to encourage new canes. Each cane lives only two growing seasons before dying.

Red raspberry prefers organically rich, slightly acidic, moist but well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. It is intolerant of wet soils which can cause root rot. When grown for harvest of its raspberry fruits, raised beds should be considered in areas with heavy clay soils.

Flowers bloom in clusters in spring, but are occasionally solitary, and are generally white but sometimes pink to rosy-purple. Fruits ripen in summer. Because it is a low-lying thorny shrub, wild raspberries may not do well in a garden setting and, if not properly cared for, can easily spread to form a thorny thicket.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: Spotted wing drosophilla can be a problem. Cane borers and crown borers are potentially serious insect pests.  Anthracnose, botrytis, root rot, and other fungal diseases can cause serious problems and may require treatment. 

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.    

More information on Rubus idaeus.

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#bees#deciduous#perennial#shrub#wildlife plant#showy#weedy#nectar plant#medicinal#cover plant#playground#prickles#food source#bramble#trellises#dye plant#children's garden#edible fruits#pollinator plant#edible garden#bird friendly#nectar plant late spring#butterfly friendly#nectar plant early summer#nectar plant mid-spring#pollinator garden
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#deciduous#perennial#shrub#wildlife plant#showy#weedy#nectar plant#medicinal#cover plant#playground#prickles#food source#bramble#trellises#dye plant#children's garden#edible fruits#pollinator plant#edible garden#bird friendly#nectar plant late spring#butterfly friendly#nectar plant early summer#nectar plant mid-spring#pollinator garden
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Rubus
    Species:
    idaeus
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    A dye can be obtained from the fruit that is a pink-purple to dull blue color.
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe, Northern Asia, Japan
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts pollinators, bees, and butterflies with its nectar. Fruit is eaten by birds and small mammals and plants provide cover.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Edible fruit
    Wildlife Cover/Habitat
    Wildlife Food Source
    Edibility:
    Fruit can be eaten raw or cooked and delicious when eaten out of hand. The fruit is also used in pies, preserves, and in wines. A herb tea is made from the dried leaves and some say that a type of tea made from raspberry and blackberry leaves is an excellent coffee substitute.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 3 ft. 0 in. - 9 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 3 ft. 0 in. - 9 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Perennial
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Semi-evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Arching
    Erect
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Coarse
    Appendage:
    Prickles
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    3 feet-6 feet
    6-feet-12 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Aggregate
    Drupe
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Botanically the fruits are not berries (though they are usually called berries)– they are instead made of many small drupes. The fruits hold together in a hollow cone.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Raceme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Star
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Bracts
    Colored Sepals
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Flowers are in clusters, but are occasionally solitary. Each flower has five petals, five sepals, five bracts, numerous stamens, and several pistils clustered on a cone-shaped core known as a receptacle. Flower blooms from April to June.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Semi-evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Prickly
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Doubly Serrate
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Red raspberry leaves are usually pinnately divided into 3-5 leaflets, infrequently undivided, with pleated wrinkles. Undersides are lighter and fuzzy.
  • Bark:
    Bark Description:
    Bark tends not to peel with age.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Stems lack the hairs that var. strigosus has. However,
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Recreational Play Area
    Vertical Spaces
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Children's Garden
    Edible Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Barrier
    Screen/Privacy
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Problems:
    Spines/Thorns
    Weedy