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Memorial Rose Rosa wichuraiana

Previously known as:

  • Rosa luciae
  • Rosa luciae var. wichuraiana
Phonetic Spelling
ROH-sah wih-cher-ai-AH-nah
Description

Memorial rose is a vigorous vining shrub or groundcover in the Roseaceae (rose) family native to the eastern part of Asia.  It is found in lowlands and mountain areas as well as near coastal areas and forms dense thickets.  The name is derived from Max Ernst Wichura (1817-1866) a German botanist.  

Growing quickly to 16 feet tall and wide this semi-evergreen trailing vine does not produce a solid cover but it can produce a barrier or scramble up large trees or other structures.  The leaves are dark green and shiny and showy fragrant white flowers appear in the summer followed by dark red rose hips.  The flowers are visited by bees.  

Plant in the full fun to partial shade in well drained soil.  This plant can withstand heavy clay soils but does not like wet feet.  It is resistant to mildew and so was used as the parent for many cultivars.

Use this plant in a coastal garden, in a cutting garden, massed at the edge of a woodland, train it up a vertical space to provide a screen or cause it as a security plant.  

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Honey fungus is an occassional disease problem.

 

VIDEO Created by Elizabeth Meyer for "Trees, Shrubs and Conifers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.

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Tags:
#evergreen#showy flowers#fragrant flowers#white flowers#semi-evergreen#spring flowers#mass planting#security plant#disease resistant#fast growing#cpp#thickets#glossy leaves#children's garden#red fruits#prickly#playground plant#vertical spaces#clay soils tolerant#woodland garden#coastal plant#barrier
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#showy flowers#fragrant flowers#white flowers#semi-evergreen#spring flowers#mass planting#security plant#disease resistant#fast growing#cpp#thickets#glossy leaves#children's garden#red fruits#prickly#playground plant#vertical spaces#clay soils tolerant#woodland garden#coastal plant#barrier
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Rosa
    Species:
    wichuraiana
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Traditionally, each color of the rose symbolizes a certain value. Red symbolizes love, yellow symbolizes friendship, orange symbolizes enthusiasm, white symbolizes purity, and pink symbolizes joy.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Asia
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Mildew
    Climbing Method:
    Scrambler
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 16 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 6 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Ground Cover
    Shrub
    Vine
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Semi-evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Texture:
    Medium
    Appendage:
    Prickles
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Description:
    Seed is in the form of small dark red hip.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Good Cut
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Large showy white fragrant flowers appear in the spring.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Semi-evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Shape:
    Orbicular
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Dentate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Rounded to broadly edged shiny dark green leaves 2" to 4" long with 7 to 9 oval to orbicular, coarsely toothed leaflets each 1/4" to 1" long. Rachis armed with curved prickles.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Stems covered in irregular 1/4" long curved prickles.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Recreational Play Area
    Vertical Spaces
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Design Feature:
    Barrier
    Mass Planting
    Security
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Diseases
    Problems:
    Spines/Thorns