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Quercus schumardii

This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

The Southern Red Oak is found in moist upland forests and stream banks. It is a long-lived tree that tolerates moist to dry soils and occasional flooding. It is adaptable to pH ranges, fairly easy to transplant and fast-growing for an oak. Drought tolerance makes it good for urban uses. A good shade tree for large yards, parks, etc. Attracts a variety of wildlife.

It is highly susceptible to oak wilt.

Cultivars:
Tags:
#cultivars#deciduous#fall color#drought tolerant#edible#wildlife plant#native tree#moist soil#deer resistant#acorns#oak tree
Cultivars:
Tags:
#cultivars#deciduous#fall color#drought tolerant#edible#wildlife plant#native tree#moist soil#deer resistant#acorns#oak tree
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Quercus
    Species:
    schumardii
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    South east USA
    Distribution:
    AL , AR , FL , GA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MD , MI , MO , MS , NC , OH , OK , PA , SC , TN , TX , VA , WV Canada: ON
    Fire Risk Rating:
    medium flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Mildly resistant to deer. Larval plant for Horaces Duskywing butterfly. Acorns provide food for birds and many mammals.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Enhancement
    Edibility:
    Ripe acorns are edible after tannins are leached or boiled out.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 40 ft. 0 in. - 60 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 30 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Poisonous
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Open
    Rounded
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    The acorns are egg-shaped, approximately 1 inch long, and enclosed in a thick, flat, saucer-shaped cup with pubescent scales.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    pollen flowers in drooping, elongated clusters
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Oblanceolate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Sinuate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves are 6-8 inches long having 7-9 pointed lobes with soft, bristle-like tips. Sinuses between the lobes reach from 1/2 to 3/4 the distance from the tip of the lobe to the leaf midrib. Fall color is reddish-brown.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Gray
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Ridges
    Bark Description:
    The bark is thick, smooth and grayish, becoming furrowed into ridges and darker gray. The trunk of older trees is heavily buttressed.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Young twigs are olive green and shiny, the older branches are brownish. The buds are light and occur most frequently on branch ends.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Naturalized Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Rain Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Specimen
    Street Tree
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Wind
  • Poison:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Stomach pain, constipation and later bloody diarrhea, excessive thirst and urination if young leaves and raw acorns are eaten
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Gallotannins, quercitrin, and quercitin.
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits
    Leaves