Plant DetailShow Menu

Autumn Blooming Higan Cherry Prunus subhirtella 'Autumnalis'

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
PROO-nus sub-HIR-tel-uh
Description

Weeping Higan Cherry is a deciduous, grafted small tree that grows up to 40' tall. It has ascending branches, slender branchlets, and is pendulous and scabrate. This plant is commonly grafted on Prunus avium rootstock. This plant has no good fall color. Several cultivars of this species are pendulous and part of the Pendula Group of cultivars including: 'Pendula', 'Io Sakura', 'Shidare Higan', 'Pendula Plena Rosea', 'Yae-shidare-higan', 'Pendula Rosea', and 'Plena Rubra'. This plant is the most cold, heat, and stress tolerant cherry. It is easy to transplant and casts light shade. Wood splits easily with wind or ice and it is not smog tolerant. This tree is frequently damaged by deer. It also has viral and fungal disease problems and is susceptible to bores and scale. 

Form:  Rounded crown; upright branching; wide spreading

Growth Rate: Moderate to rapid

Quick ID Hints:

  • Deciduous weeping tree with pink spring flowers
  • Leaves with large wart-like glands on petiole & blade margin
  • Twigs andpetiole scabrate

 

More information on Prunus x subhirtella.

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Io Sakura'
    flowers are small, abundant, and faded pink
  • 'Pendula'
    flowers are small, abundant, and faded pink
  • 'Pendula Plena Rosea'
    flowers are double and pink
  • 'Plena Rubra'
    flowers are deep pink and have a ruby bud
  • 'Shidare Higan'
    flowers are small, abundant, and faded pink
  • 'Yae-shidare-higan'
    flowers are double and pink
Tags:
#hardy#showy flowers#deciduous#heat tolerant#cold tolerant#cold hardy#fantz#cherry
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Io Sakura'
    flowers are small, abundant, and faded pink
  • 'Pendula'
    flowers are small, abundant, and faded pink
  • 'Pendula Plena Rosea'
    flowers are double and pink
  • 'Plena Rubra'
    flowers are deep pink and have a ruby bud
  • 'Shidare Higan'
    flowers are small, abundant, and faded pink
  • 'Yae-shidare-higan'
    flowers are double and pink
Tags:
#hardy#showy flowers#deciduous#heat tolerant#cold tolerant#cold hardy#fantz#cherry
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Prunus
    Species:
    subhirtella
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Dimensions:
    Height: 20 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 15 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Rounded
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Fruits are ovoid, less than an inch in diameter, and are red maturing to black.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Corymb
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Winter
    Flower Description:
    Flowers in fall, winter during warm spells, and early spring; rose colored buds open to soft pink single to semi-double flowers fading to almost white. Inflorescence is a congested corymb, pedicels are elongated, rachis is very short and gives the appearance of an umbel.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Oblong
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Doubly Serrate
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are simple, alternate, ovate to lanceolate to oblong-ovate, acuminate, cuneate, and serrate to doubly serrate. Petioles are short, scabrate, bearing two or more large wart-like glands on the petiole apex, or more glands in intact with the blade base or on the blade margin near the base.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No