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Selfheal Prunella vulgaris

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
proo-NELL-uh vul-GAIR-iss
Description

Prunella vulgaris is a perennial wildflower that can be recognized by its erect, flowering spikes and hairy bracts.  

Its native habit includes moist fields, roadsides, pastures, and along woodlands.  This very adaptive plant can be grown under most soil, light and PH conditions.   It can be grown in full sun but may need some shade in hot dry conditions.

The leaves can be eaten cooked or raw.  They are used in stews, soups, and salads.  Wash the leaves to remove the bitter-tasting tannin (yellowish-brown bitter-tasting organic substance) prior to eating.    

Propagate from seed or by dividing in spring or fall.  New plants should be kept moist their first year.

An olive-green dye can be extracted from the flowers and stems.

It is the host plant for the Clouded Sulphur butterfly.

Insects, Diseases and Other Plant Problems:  Its tendency to profligate in damp, moist conditions may cause it to become a troublesome weed in turf with the same conditions.

 

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#perennial#weed#native perennial#NC native#frost tolerant#groundcover#wildflower garden#dry soils tolerant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#perennial#weed#native perennial#NC native#frost tolerant#groundcover#wildflower garden#dry soils tolerant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Prunella
    Species:
    vulgaris
    Family:
    Lamiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Northern Hemisphere
    Distribution:
    AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, VT, WA, W, WV, WY
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts bumblebees and butterflies.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Easy to Grow
    Edibility:
    The leaves are edible.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Ground Cover
    Native Plant
    Weed
    Wildflower
    Habit/Form:
    Creeping
    Erect
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Description:
    Seed can be used for propagation.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Spike
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Description:
    Small bluish to lavender or whitish flowers in a cylinder-shaped head; large greenish or purple-tinged, bristly fringed bracts
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Oblong
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    1 to 4 in. egg-shaped to lance-shaped leaves and long slender stalks. There are some low teeth on the margins.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Square
    Stem Form:
    Straight
    Stem Description:
    Long slender, unbranched stalk.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies