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Baptisia alba

This plant has poison characteristics. See below.
Common Name(s):
False indigo, White indigo, Wild white indigo
Categories:
Groundcover, Native Plants, Poisonous Plants, Wildflowers
Comment:

Native to southeast

Description:
Perennial herb with alternate, 3-parted leaves, turning black upon drying; flowers either on long-stalked clusters above the leaves or axillary; white, blue, or yellow; irregular and pea-shaped; fruit an inflated, stalked pod with several seeds
Season:
Spring to early summer
Height:
2-4 ft.
Hardiness:
5-8
Foliage:
Mound of clover-like, trifoliate, 1-2 in., bluish-green leaflets; spreading slender branches
Flower:
Small, pea-like, creamy white flowers on erect, 12-18 in. raceme on charcoal gray stems in spring; occasionally streaked with dark patches; inflated seed pods
Habit:
Herbaceous perennial
Site:
Sun; average, dry to medium, well-drained soil; dry woods, clearings
Size:
2-4 ft.; spread of 2-2.5 ft.
Poison Part:
All parts
Poison Delivery Mode:
Ingestion
Symptoms:
Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
Toxic Principle:
Baptisin and cytisine
Severity:
CAUSES ONLY LOW TOXICITY IF EATEN
Found in:
Forest or natural areas in woodland borders and open woods; landscape in flower gardens as native, herbaceous perennials
Life Cycle:
Perennial
Tags:
pods, pea-like flowers, clover leaves, native perennial, native, full sun, white

NCCES plant id: 248

Baptisia alba Baptisia alba
Kerry Woods, CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0
Baptisia alba Baptisia alba
Dan Mullen, CC BY-NC-2.0
Baptisia alba Baptisia alba - close up of flowers
bebet2006, CC BY - 2.0
Baptisia alba Baptisia alba
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, CC BY - 2.0