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Iris cristata

This plant has poison characteristics. See below.
Common Name(s):
Crested dwarf iris, Iris
Categories:
Native Plants, Perennials, Poisonous Plants, Wildflowers
Comment:

Iris cristata is an example of the beautiful native species of Iris that grow in North Carolina. Most are subtly beautiful rather than the striking, large bright German or bearded iris, but are desirable in perennial and native plant gardens. This plant is occasionally damaged by deer

Description:
Perennial herbs from a rhizome or bulb; leaves strap-like, overlapping at base, oriented in one plane; flowers 1-several at the top of a naked stem, 6-parted with 3 outer, spreading or pendent "falls" and 3 inner, erect "standards", variously colored; fruit a capsule.
Season:
Spring
Height:
6-12 in.
Flower Color:
Lilac
Hardiness:
USDA Hardiness Zone 3-9
Foliage:
Short leaves on flower stalk tend to be curved
Flower:
Lavender sepals have a pubescent, fluted yellow crest in the white area near the base
Site:
Rich woods
Propagation:
Division in fall, seed
Exposure:
Partial shade
Soil:
Well-drained
Regions:
Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plain
Origin:
Eastern USA, North Carolina
Poison Part:
Rhizomes (thickened roots) and rootstocks, fresh or dry.
Poison Delivery Mode:
Ingestion, dermatitis.
Symptoms:
Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, elevated temperature following ingestion; skin irritation upon contact with seeds, rootstock, or cell sap.
Toxic Principle:
Irisin, iridin, or irisine.
Severity:
CAUSES ONLY LOW TOXICITY IF EATEN. SKIN IRRITATION MINOR, OR LASTING ONLY FOR A FEW MINUTES.
Found in:
Houseplant or interiorscape; forest or natural area in native woodlands, marshes, and shallow water; landscape in flower gardens
Life Cycle:
Perennial
Tags:
pink, perennial, yellow, wildflower, poisonous, partial shade, spring, deer resistant

NCCES plant id: 730

Iris cristata Iris cristata
Iris cristata Iris cristata
peganum, CC BY-SA - 4.0
Iris cristata Iris cristata
Su, CC BY-NC - 4.0