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Chinese Peony Paeonia lactiflora

Other Common Name(s):

Description

Garden Peony is an herbaceous pernnial flower native to China and Sibera. The spring-blooming flowers are large, showy and fragrant and this plants leaves are attractive even when the flowers are spent.  The plants have thickened rhizomes and can be quite long-lived once established.  Plant in full sun to partial shade in rich well-draining soil.  Plant them in the middle or back of a perennial border, as a specimen, in small groups or part of a cutting garden.   It can also be grown along sidewalks, driveways and other hardscape elements or up against fences.  

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Cora Stubbs'
  • 'Sarah Bernhardt'
    Rose-pink double flowers late bloomer
'Cora Stubbs', 'Sarah Bernhardt'
Tags:
#showy flowers#fragrant flowers#specimen#wildlife plant#cut flowers#rabbit resistant#deer resistant#large flowers#long lifespan#borders#late spring flowers#mid-spring flowers#border back#butterfly friendly#small groups
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Cora Stubbs'
  • 'Sarah Bernhardt'
    Rose-pink double flowers late bloomer
'Cora Stubbs', 'Sarah Bernhardt'
Tags:
#showy flowers#fragrant flowers#specimen#wildlife plant#cut flowers#rabbit resistant#deer resistant#large flowers#long lifespan#borders#late spring flowers#mid-spring flowers#border back#butterfly friendly#small groups
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Paeonia
    Species:
    lactiflora
    Family:
    Paeoniaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Sibera, China
    Wildlife Value:
    Flowers attract butterflies.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 2 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 2 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Perennial
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Follicle
    Fruit Description:
    Horizontal follicles that split when mature
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Solitary
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Good Cut
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Cup
    Flower Petals:
    7 - 20 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    3-6 inches
    Flower Description:
    Mid to late spring very large cup-shaped fragrant blooms
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Orange
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Dark green compound leaves 8"-12" long with 9 elliptical leaflets Leaves can turn orange in the fall.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Stems die back to the ground at the first frost.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Pool/Hardscape
    Walkways
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Cutting Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Border
    Hedge
    Small groups
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Rabbits