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Tsuga caroliniana

Common Name(s):
Carolina hemlock
Categories:
Native Plants, Trees
Comment:

A native tree in the Pinaceae family that thrives in cool, shady areas of your landscape.  It works well as screen and has a rapid growth rate. It is not drought tolerant and will need to be watered regularly especially in dry conditions.  It is more tolerant of summer heat than T. canadensis.

Seasons of Interest:

Foliage: Evergreen, Winter

 

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Healthy trees in the right location have few problems. Susceptible to hemlock woolly adelgid. Other insect problems include ambrosia beetle, bagworms, borers, leaf miner, sawfly, and mites.  Potential disease problems for plants in the genus Tusga include needle blight (needles turn yellow and die), canker, rusts and rots.  Foliage may scorch in very hot weather.

Height:
30-70 ft.
Flower:
1 to 1.5 in. cones
Zones:
6-7
Habit:
Evergreen
Site:
Sun to partial shade; moist well-drained soil, will need regular irrigation during dry spells, protect from wind and very hot weather as foliage can scorch
Texture:
Fine
Form:
Compact; pyramidal; airy pendulous branches
Exposure:
Partial shade to full shade
Width:
20-25 ft.
Growth Rate:
Rapid
Leaf:
.25 to .75 in. needles radiate around the stem; 2 white strips on underside
Tags:
shade, native, winter interest, evergreen

NCCES plant id: 2228

Tsuga caroliniana Form
Crusier, CC-BY-SA-3.0
Tsuga caroliniana Foliage, photo take at: Stone Mountain, Blue Ridge Mountains, NC, USA
Adam Lynch, CC-BY-SA-3.0