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Pinus virginiana

Common Name(s):
Virginia pine
Cultivar(s):
'Wates Golden' - yellow needles, winter intrest
Categories:
Native Plants, Trees
Comment:

A native tree in the Pinaceae family that is not particularly ornamental.  The foliage can be used in Christmas decorations. 'Wates Golden' is a cultivar with yellow needles noted for their outstanding winter interest.

Wildlife Value:  Seeds are eaten by birds.  This tree is resistant to damage by deer.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious insect or disease problems. Some susceptibility to pitch canker.

Height:
15-40 ft.
Flower:
Conifer, 1.5 to 3 in. spiny scaled cones in cluster of 2 to 4; old cones persist
Zones:
4-8
Habit:
Evergreen
Site:
Sun; will grow in poor, dry soils including clay but prefers sandy loams with moderate to good drainage.
Texture:
Medium
Form:
Broad, open pyramid when young; becomes flat topped; horizontal with age, irregular branches
Exposure:
Full sun
Fruit:
Conifer, spiny scaled cones
Width:
10-30 ft.
Growth Rate:
Slow to moderate
Leaf:
1.5 to 3 in. slightly twisted needles in pairs; often yellow green in winter
Tags:
clay, showy fruit, birds, native tree, wildlife, deer resistant, evergreen

NCCES plant id: 2116

Pinus virginiana Needles and cone
Suzanne Cadwell, CC BY-NC - 4.0
Pinus virginiana Cone
Kristine Paulus, CC BY-NC-SA - 4.0
Pinus virginiana Male cones
tehsma, CC BY-NC - 4.0