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Monarda fistulosa

Common Name(s):
Wild bergamont
Categories:
Native Plants, Perennials
Comment:

This clump-forming member of the Lamiaceae, or mint family (square stems), reaches a height of 2-4 feet.  Leaves are 4-inch long, toothed, oblong and gray-green.  They are  very fragrant and can be used for tea.  Tubular flowers appear to top stems in globular formation.  They are attractive to hummingbirds and butterlifes and also makes a good cut flower.  Deadhead flowers to prolong summer blooming.  Will easily reseed.  Does well in a naturalied area or rain garden. It tolarates dry rocky soil, shows resitance to black walnuts and drought. 

Wildlife Value: Attracts bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. Members of the genus Monarda support the following specialized bees: Dufourea monardaePerdita (Perdita) gerhardiand Protandrena abdominalisThis plant is resistant to damage by deer and rabbits.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: Powdery mildew can be a problem with all Monarda spp. espeically in crowded conditions with poor air flow but this particurlar speices shows resistance.   Prune stems to increase air flow.  Severe cases may require fungicidal sprays. In addition, if the soil is allowed to dry out, the stressed plants become increasingly susceptible to disease. Rust can also be a problem.

 

Season:
July-September
Height:
2-4 feet
Flower Color:
lavender, light pink
Zones:
3-9
Habit:
clumping
Propagation:
seed
Exposure:
full sun, partial shade
Soil:
dry, rocky
Origin:
United States, Canada, Mexico
Tags:
summer blooming, pink flowers, wildlife plant, rabbits, fragrant flowers, bees, nectar, pollinator, specialized bees, dry soil, deer resistant, black walnut, hummingbirds, lavender blooms, full sun, cut flowers, rain garden, lavender flowers, butterflies, clay soil

NCCES plant id: 2856

Monarda fistulosa, Wild Bergamont Monarda fistulosa, Wild Bergamont
Joshua Mayer, CC-BY-SA-2.0
Monarda fistulosa, Wild Bergamont Monarda fistulosa, Wild Bergamont
Joshua Mayer, CC-BY-SA-2.0
Monarda fistulosa Monarda fistulosa plant
Dan Mullen, CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0
Monarda fistulosa Monarda fistulosa foliage
Bill Barber, CC BY-NC-2.0