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Lonicera sempervirens

Common Name(s):
Coral honeysuckle, Honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle
Cultivar(s):
Alabama Crimson, Dropmore Scarlet, Cedar Lane, Flava, Leo, Sulfurea (yellow), John Clayton , Superba
Categories:
Groundcover, Native Plants, Vines, Wildflowers
Comment:

Lonicera sempervirens, commonly called trumpet honeysuckle, is a vigorous, deciduous, twining vine which typically grows 10-15' (less frequently to 20') and is one of the showiest of the vining honeysuckles. It is primarily native to the southeastern U.S., but has escaped from gardens and naturalized in many other areas of the eastern U.S. Its bark is smooth and green with a slight fuzzyness when young.  As the vine ages, the bark turns brown and begins to flake.

It is excellent for natural, low-maintenance areas.  This vine is moderately salt tolerant.

High nitrogen fertilizer will produce foliage at the expense of flowers.  This plant is noninvasive.

Regions:  Piedmont, Coastal plains

Seasons of Interest: 

  Blooms:  Early spring/spring/summer            Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Late summer/fall

Wildlife Value:   This plant is moderately resistant to damage by deer.  Its flowers are attractive to hummingbirds, bees, butterflies and some moth pollinators.  The larve is food for the spring azure butterfly.  Its fruit is eaten by songbirds.  The foilage may be eaten by white-tailed deer.

Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: Powdery mildew and leaf spots may occur, particularly in hot and humid summer climates such as the St. Louis area. Watch for aphids.

Season:
Spring, summer
Height:
15-25 feet
Hardiness:
6-8
Foliage:
The Trumpet honeysuckle has opposite, oval, bluish-green leaves that are glaucous (of a dull grayish-green or blue color) beneath. The leaves have a smooth margin. This vine is evergreen in the warm winter climates of the deep South.
Flower:
The Trumpet honeysuckle has large, non-fragrant, narrow, trumpet-shaped flowers that are scarlet to orangish red on the outside and yellowish inside. Its flowers appear in late spring at stem ends in whorled clusters. They are attractive to hummingbirds, butterflies and bees. The inedible red berries that form in late summer to early fall and can be ornamentally attractive. The small red berries are attractive to birds. This plant flowers on new growth.
Zones:
6-8
Habit:
Evergreen to deciduous
Site:
Trumpet honeysuckle is easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun. It will grow in some shade, but best flowering is in full sun. Does best in humusy, organically rich soils with good drainage. This is a twining vine that needs a support structure upon which to grow unless allowed to sprawl as a ground cover. Prune as needed immediately after flowering.
Texture:
Medium
Form:
Twining vine
Exposure:
Sun to partial shade
Fruit:
Berries (red, black) attract birds
Growth Rate:
Rapid
Climbing Method:
Twining
Life Cycle:
Perennial vine
Tags:
groundcover, salt tolerant, apvg, deciduous, low maintenance, sun, yellow, coastal, songbirds, wildflower, perennial, hummingbirds, deer resistant, partial shade, showy, pollinators, red, highly beneficial coastal plants, butterflies, evergreen

NCCES plant id: 320

Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera sempervirens
Dave Govoni, CC BY-NC-SA - 2.0
Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera sempervirens
Chris Kreussling, CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0
Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera sempervirens
Chris Kreussling, CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0
Lonicera sempervirens & White-lined sphinx Lonicera sempervirens & White-lined sphinx
Ronnie Pitman, CC BY-NC-2.0
Lonicera sempervirens groundcover
Bob Gutowski, CC BY-NC-SA - 2.0
Lonicera sempervirens Lonicera sempervirens fruit
Lucy Bradley, CC BY-NC - 4.0