- Common Name(s):
- Tulip poplar, Tulip tree, Yellow poplar
- Native Plants, Trees
Yellow-Poplar is a native deciduous tree that may grow 90 to 120 feet tall. The tree has alternate, palmately veined, 4-lobed leaves with a smooth margin. The bark is smooth and dark green on young trees. As the tree ages, wide, white furrows that separate flat ridges develop. In late spring, 2.5-inch flowers with yellow-green petals and an orange corolla mature. The tree produces and aggregate of overlapping samaras which separate at maturity in the late fall.
Branches can be brittle. It is not a true popular; Some leaves will turn yellow and drop during drought. Beautiful clear yellow fall foliage; tall straight trunk; attracts wildlife. Host plant for the Eastern Tiger Swallowtail butterfly. Hummingbirds, butterflies, and birds like cedar waxwings feed on the nectar from flowers. White-tailed deer, gray squirrels, and some songbirds eat the flowers in the spring. White-tailed deer browse the foliage and twigs. Rabbits eat the buds and inner bark of young trees.
- 40-150 ft.
- 2-3 in. yellowish green and orange, cup shaped upright, fragrant flowers in late spring
- Sun; moist, well drained soil
- Tall, straight trunk; upper branches create a rounded crown; in an open landscape has more upright, oval shape
- Sun to partial shade; moist, well drained soil
- 20-40 ft.
- Growth Rate:
- Moderate to rapid
- 6-8 in. alternate, simple leaves with short lobes; clear yellow to yellow green fall color
NCCES plant id: 504