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Helianthus divaricatus

Common Name(s):
Woodland sunflower
Categories:
Herbs, Native Plants, Perennials, Wildflowers
Comment:

Helianthus divaricatus, commonly called Woodland Sunflower is a native plant that occurs in open rocky woodlands and thickets.  It can grow 5' to 7'.  It blooms from mid-summer to fall. Good fresh cut flower.  Garden used include partially shaded borders, wild or native plant gardens, or naturalized plantings.

Regions:  Mountain, Piedmont, Coastal Plains

Seasons of Interest: 

   Blooms: Late summer             Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Fall

Wildlife Value:  This plant is moderately resistant to damage from deer.  It is a host plant for the Silvery Checkerspot butterfly.  The flowers are attractive to butterflies and other pollinators.  Its seeds are favored by songbirds, ruffed grouse, quail, mourning doves, and small mammals.  Leave standing dead flowers into the winter as natural bird feeders.  Members of the genus Helianthus support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) accepta, Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) aliciaeAndrena (Callandrena s.l.) helianthiMelissodes (Eumelissodes) agilisDieunomia (Dieunomia) heteropodaMegachile (Sayapis) pugnataand Paranthidium (Paranthidium) jugatorium.

Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems:  Taller plants may need staking.

 

Season:
Mid-summer to early fall
Light:
Part shade
Height:
2-7 ft.
Flower Color:
Yellow with darker yellow center
Hardiness:
USDA Hardiness Zone 3 to 8
Foliage:
Lance to egg-shaped, with smooth stems and sessile or short-stalked leaves (to 6") are the distinguishing characteristics of the Woodland Sunflower. The leaves are opposite with a smooth to slightly toothed margin and hairy underside. The leaves often have no stem. They are broadest at the base.
Flower:
The Woodland sunflower features 2" wide sunflowers with bright yellow rays and slightly darker yellow center disks atop rigid stems typically growing 5-7' tall. The flowers have 8-15 petals.
Habit:
Herbaceous perennial
Site:
The Woodland Sunflower is easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soil in part shade. It is tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions. Spreads over time by creeping rhizomes to form colonies. Divide every 3-4 years to control spread and maintain vigor. Thrives in dry open woods, thickets, and clearings.
Exposure:
Partial shade
Life Cycle:
Perennial
Tags:
low maintenance, drought tolerant, bees, birds, nectar, specialized bees, deer resistant, pollinators, songbirds, wildlife, butterflies, showy

NCCES plant id: 2599

Helianthus divaricatus Helianthus divaricatus