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Cornus canadensis

Common Name(s):
Bunchberry
Categories:
Groundcover, Native Plants, Wildflowers
Comment:

Low-growing deciduous shrubby groundcover with leaves and flowers similar to the familiar Cornus florida dogwood tree but smaller. Native to mixed forests in Canada and northern US, in Appalachians to Virginia, it grows from spreading rhizomes. Bright red berries in late summer persist into fall.

Seasons of Interest:

   Foliage: Fall    Bloom: Summer, early   Fruit: Summer-Fall, red berries  

Wildlife Value: Fruits are attractive to birds and plants provide nesting sites.  Members of the genus Cornus support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilisAndrena (Gonandrena) integraand Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia.

Insects, Diseases and Other Problems: Leaf miner and scale are less serious potential insect pests. When stressed, is susceptible to a large number of disease problems, most serious is dogwood anthracnose. Other diseases include powdery mildew, leaf spot, canker, root rot and leaf & twig blight. It can also become vulnerable to borers. 

Season:
Early summer
Height:
2-10 ft.
Foliage:
Whorl of six oval-shaped leaves; 1-3 in. long
Flower:
Four white bracts surround the center cluster of greenish, non-showy flowers; tight cluster of red berries
Zones:
2-6
Habit:
Deciduous
Exposure:
Part shade
Fruit:
Red berries
Life Cycle:
Perennial
Tags:
small tree, bees, fall color, birds, nectar, pollinator, specialized bees, groundcover, fall interest, shelter, wildlife

NCCES plant id: 2539

Cornus canadensis Flowers
Peganum, CC-BY-SA-2.0
Cornus canadensis Fruits, berries
Wplynn, CC BY-ND-2.0
Cornus canadensis C. canadensis forest growth habit
Tatters, CC BY-ND-2.0