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Chrysogonum virginianum

Common Name(s):
Green and gold
Cultivar(s):
Superstar
Categories:
Groundcover, Herbs, Native Plants, Perennials, Wildflowers
Comment:

Chrysogonum virginianum, commonly called Green and Gold, is a rhizomatous, low-growing perennial which typically forms a foliage mat to 3-4” tall spreading to 18" wide or more. It is native to woodland areas from Pennsylvania to Florida and Louisiana.  

Its use in the garden are as a ground cover for woodland gardens, native plant gardens or naturalized areas. Can be used as edging for woodland paths. Also may be used in shaded areas of border fronts or rock gardens.

This plant produces a purple capsule that matures in the fall.

Regions:  Piedmont, Coastal plains  

Seasons of Interest: 

  Leaf:                     Blooms:  Spring, summer             Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Fall

Wildlife Value:   This plant is moderately resistant to damage by deer.  Its flowers are attractive to bees and butterflies.  The seeds are eaten by songbirds.

Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: This plant has some susceptibility to mildew.

Season:
Spring to early summer
Light:
Shade to part shade
Height:
1-2 ft.
Flower Color:
Gold
Hardiness:
USDA Hardiness Zone 5-9
Foliage:
Green and Gold has pairs of oblong to egg-shaped leaves. The leaves are 1-3 in., medium green, simple, bluntly toothed, long-stalked, with sparse hairs.
Flower:
Green and Gold have a star-shaped, daisy-like, bright yellow flowers (to 1.5” diameter) on stems originating in the leaf axils. They bloom spring to fall in cool summer climates. In hot summer climates such as St. Louis, bloom is profuse in spring, but usually becomes sparse or stops in the heat of the summer, with a light rebloom occurring in fall. Flowering stems rise above the foliage mat to a height of 8-10" tall. Each flower has five, rounded, slightly-notched, yellow petals and a center tuft of yellow disk flowers.
Zones:
5-9
Habit:
Semi-Evergreen; herbaceous perennial
Site:
Green and Gold are easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in part shade to full shade. Prefers moist, acidic, organically rich soils in sun-dappled part shade. Tolerates full sun only if grown in consistently moist soils. Spreads by rhizomes to form an attractive ground cover, but is easily controlled. Remove spent flower stems for best ground cover appearance. Easily grown from seed and may self-seed in the garden.
Size:
6-9 in.
Texture:
Medium
Form:
Groundcover
Propagation:
Division in spring
Exposure:
Sun to partial shade
Soil:
Moist, well-drained
Regions:
Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plain
Origin:
North America, North Carolina
Growth Rate:
Moderate to rapid
Life Cycle:
Perennial
Tags:
songbirds, summer, ncemgva2018, wildflower, bees, deer resistant, yellow, gold, shade, perennial, groundcover, partial shade, showy, spring, butterflies, evergreen

NCCES plant id: 256

Chrysogonum virginianum Chrysogonum virginianum
Chrysogonum virginianum groundcover
Tom Potterfield, CC BY-NC-SA - 2.0