- Common Name(s):
- Sweet birch
- Native Plants, Trees
Betula lenta, commonly called Sweet Birch, is a deciduous tree that may grow 60 to 70 feet tall. The leaves are alternate with singly toothed margins. The bark of young trees is smooth, breaking into small chip-like plates as it ages. Small green flowers that are tinged with red mature in spring. During summer, 1 to 1.5-inch cones ripen and break apart, exposing the 2 very small, winged nutlets.
Sweet birch is a host plant for Mourning Cloak and Dreamy Duskywing butterflies. Many moths also use as a host plant. The tree's seeds are eaten by birds.
The Sweet Birch is highly deer resistant.
Seasons of Interest:
Leaves: Fall Bloom: Spring Fruit/Seed/Nut: Summer (Nutlet)
Wildlife Value: This plant is highly resistant to damage from deer. It is a larval host plant for the Mourning Cloak and Dreamy Duskywing butterflies. Many moths also use as a host plant. Its seeds are eaten by birds.
- 60-70 feet
- The Sweet Birch has small green flowers that are tinged with red. The flower on the Sweet birch has 3" to 4" male catkins.
- The Sweet birch tree will thrive in full sun to partial shade and prefers moist, well-drained soil, but does well in dry, sandy, and clay soils.
- Pyramidal and dense in youth; irregular, rounded habit with age; wide-spreading crown
- Sun, part shade
- 35-45 feet
- Growth Rate:
- The leaves of the Sweet Birch are 2.5" to 6" and are alternate, simple leaves that turn a golden-yellow color in the fall.
NCCES plant id: 1919