Aesculus flava (A. octandra)
- Common Name(s):
- Yellow buckeye
- Native Plants, Poisonous Plants, Trees
Yellow Buckeye is a deciduous tree, in the Sapindaceae family that may grow 50 to 120 feet tall but typically grows to 75 feet. The leaves are opposite and palmately compound with 5 elliptical leaflets having smooth to slightly toothed margins. The bark sometimes is exfoliating. Erect, 6-inch panicles with creamy yellow flowers mature in late spring.
Flowers are followed by the Buckeye fruit, which is a globular dehiscent capsule consisting of 1-2 Buckeyes encased by a leathery light brown partitioned husk. The husk is smooth on the outside.
The Yellow Buckeye is not recommended as a street tree or for use near homes due to the litter produced, particularly twigs, fruit and falling leaves. A good selection for more remote areas of the landscape including native plant and moist woodland areas.
This is a taprooted tree that once established is difficult to transplant.
Seasons of Interest:
Leaves: Fall Bloom: Spring Fruit/Seed/Nut: Spring, fruit is poisonous
Wildlife Value: Hummingbirds nectar at flowers, the nuts are eaten by squirrels
Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: Leaf scorch may occur in dry or windy conditions. Leaf blotch can be a problem. Powdery mildew, leaf spots, and anthracnose may also occur. Buckeye lacebug, Japanese beetles, bagworms, and borers are infrequent but potentially troublesome. Disease problems for this tree are generally not as severe as those for Ohio buckeye.
- 75 foot
- The Yellow Buckeye's flowers are yellow in large terminal clusters with stamens shorter than the upper petals. The fruit is a leathery capsule with 1-3 large, brown, shiny seeds, each with a pale scar (the "buck's eye").
- Fertile, moist, humusy-sandy loams
- The Yellow Buckeye will do it's best in moist soil.
- Fissured and scaly
- Oblong-rounded crown
- USA, NC
- Poison Part:
- Seeds and tea made from leaves and sprouts
- Poison Delivery Mode:
- Muscle weakness and paralysis, dilated pupils, vomiting, diarrhea, depression, paralysis, and stupor
- The fruit of the Aesculus flava is highly poisonous.
- Toxic Principle:
- Glycoside aesculin, saponin aescin, possibly alkaloids
- HIGHLY TOXIC, MAY BE FATAL IF EATEN!
- Found in:
- Forest or natural area in rich woods and along creeks and rivers; landscape as ornamental trees
- 50 feet
- Palmate compound leaf emerges in the spring, each with five spreading, toothed, ovate-oblong leaflets to 4-7" long. The leaves mature to dark green in the summers. Fall color often includes attractive shades of yellow-orange. Leaf blotch can be a significant problem. Powdery mildew, leaf spots and anthracnose may also occur. Buckeye lacebug, Japanese beetles, bagworms and borers are infrequent but potentially troublesome. leaf scorch may occur in doughty conditions or on sites exposed to wind
NCCES plant id: 940