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Common Juniper Juniperus communis

Phonetic Spelling
jew-NIP-er-us KOM-yoo-nis
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Low, evergreen shrub or small tree; leaves small, short needle-like (awn or awl-shaped), tightly crowded on the twig, 3 at a whorl; fleshy seed cones bluish and berry-like.

This plant is seldom damaged by deer.

Play Value: Wildlife Enhancement

Seed: Cone

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#poisonous#wildlife plant#conifer#fragrant leaves#playground#deer resistant#children's garden#edible fruits#edible garden
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#poisonous#wildlife plant#conifer#fragrant leaves#playground#deer resistant#children's garden#edible fruits#edible garden
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Juniperus
    Species:
    communis
    Family:
    Cupressaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    North temperate America and Europe
    Distribution:
    Across the US
    Wildlife Value:
    Birds feed on berries.
    Play Value:
    Edible fruit
    Fragrance
    Wildlife Food Source
    Edibility:
    EDIBLE PARTS: "Berries" used to flavor gin and for cooked meats and red cabbage. Juniper tea can be made by placing a dozen young berryless twigs in a quart of cold water; bring to a boil then allow to simmer for 10 minutes. Strain and use as regular tea, in small quantities. SOURCE: Angier, B. 1974. Field Guide to Edible Wild Plants. Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, Pa, 255 pp.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 5 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 8 ft. 0 in. - 12 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Ground Cover
    Poisonous
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Irregular
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Soil Drainage:
    Frequent Standing Water
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Very Dry
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Blue
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Description:
    fleshy seed cones bluish and berry-like
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fragrant
    Leaf Type:
    Needles
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Acicular
    Subulate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves small, short needle-like (awn or awl shaped), tightly crowded on the twig, 3 at a whorl
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Recreational Play Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Edible Garden
    Attracts:
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    CAUSES ONLY LOW TOXICITY IF EATEN. Large amounts may cause diarrhea.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Volatile oils including thujone.
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Seeds