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Ilex x 'Savannah'

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
EYE-leks
Description

Savannah Holly is a female evergreen small tree that grows up to 29'6" tall. It is loosely pyramidal, upright, and dense in sun, but more open in partial shade. This plant is a heavy fruiter, producing red berries that persist through winter and contrast well with the pale green leaves. This tree has a rapid growth rate, has known pest problems, and is mildly resistant to damage by deer.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Leaves have evenly spaced spines mid-leaf to apex.
  • Leaves are pale green and spinose.
  • Small tree, loose and rounded to pyramidal.
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#evergreen#birds#small tree#showy berries#drought tolerant#white flowers#green#red berries#wildlife plant#showy#nectar plant#specialized bees#rapid growth rate#fast growing#cpp#deer resistant#winter berries#rapid grower#pollinator plant#holly#fantz
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#evergreen#birds#small tree#showy berries#drought tolerant#white flowers#green#red berries#wildlife plant#showy#nectar plant#specialized bees#rapid growth rate#fast growing#cpp#deer resistant#winter berries#rapid grower#pollinator plant#holly#fantz
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ilex
    Family:
    Aquifoliaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Grafting
    Stem Cutting
    Wildlife Value:
    Fruits are attractive to birds. Flowers attract bees. Members of the genus Ilex support the following specialized bee: Colletes banksi.
    Play Value:
    Buffer
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Deer damage
    Dimensions:
    Height: 25 ft. 0 in. - 29 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 6 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Open
    Pyramidal
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Texture:
    Medium
    Appendage:
    Spines
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Drupe
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Plant produces vivid red globose berries. Fruits can grow solitary or in clusters of 2-3. Berries are less than an inch long and wide. They persist into winter and contrast well with the pale green leaves.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    White-green, inconspicuous, solitary flowers that are less than an inch in axils.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leathery
    Prickly
    Smooth
    Waxy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Obovate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are 2"-3 1/2" long. Plant has light, olive green leaves in the summer with 2-4 evenly spaced spines on each side starting from the middle to the tip of the leaf. Leaves are alternate, simple, obovate, and less thick than most holly leaves.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Lawn
    Slope/Bank
    Landscape Theme:
    Pollinator Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Barrier
    Border
    Hedge
    Mass Planting
    Screen/Privacy
    Small groups
    Specimen
    Street Tree
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought