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Hamamelis x

Description

Witch hazel hybrids are deciduous shrubs in the Hamamelidaceae (witch hazel) family and are often cross between native and Asian plants. These hybrid shrubs can grow 12-20 feet tall and wide with multiple stems in an open form. The fragrant flowers are in various colors and appear in February to March for several weeks adding winter interest to the landscape. Most hybrids have fall colors in yellow to reds.

Witch Hazels prefer moist acidic well-drained organically rich soils in full sun to part shade but are considered to be adaptable. They will tolerate clay soils if it is well-drained. Use as a hedge, shrub border, specimen or in the woodland garden.

Prune this shrub in spring after it has bloomed and remove suckers as needed.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: Caterpillars and Japanese beetles can eat the leaves. Gall aphids, weevils, scale, leafroller and leafminer. Potential diseases include powdery mildew, occasional leaf spots and rots.

VIDEO created by Andy Pulte for “Landscape Plant Identification, Taxonomy and Morphology” a plant identification course offered by the Department of Plant Sciences, University of Tennessee.

 

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Tags:
#full sun tolerant#specimen#red flowers#yellow flowers#deciduous shrub#orange flowers#spring flowers#winter interest#hedges#understory shrub#winter garden#shrub borders#fall color#landscape plant sleuths course
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#full sun tolerant#specimen#red flowers#yellow flowers#deciduous shrub#orange flowers#spring flowers#winter interest#hedges#understory shrub#winter garden#shrub borders#fall color#landscape plant sleuths course
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Hamamelis
    Family:
    Hamamelidaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Stem Cutting
    Dimensions:
    Height: 12 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 12 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Multi-stemmed
    Open
    Vase
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Four parted septum dehiscent capsules.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Long-lasting
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Winter
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Flowers appear in clusters before leaf-out. They are spidery-looking with 4 strap-shaped petals that hang down in colors of red, orange and yellows. They appear in Feb. to March
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Obovate
    Orbicular
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Somewhat rounded, acuminate tip, a downy, gray-green in summer. Alternate, simple, 2-4" long, wedge-shaped, dark green above, pale green and pubescent below, ovate to obovate, 5-8 vein pairs, serrated on top half, base oblique. Fall color can be reds to yellow.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Brown
    Light Gray
    Bark Description:
    Bark is smooth and gray to gray-brown
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gray/Silver
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Buds:
    Smooth/Hairless
    Stem Form:
    Zig Zags
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Slender, gray-brown, smooth, some reddish lenticels. Leaf bud is naked, looks like a small, folded leaf. Flower bud is stalked, clustered and round.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Asian Garden
    Cottage Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Hedge
    Small groups
    Specimen
    Understory Tree
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer