- Common Name(s):
- Deer fern, Hard fern
Ascending rhizomes; prefers strongly acidic, humus-rich soil and partial to full shade, but will tolerate some sun with adequate moisture; seldom needs division
- 16-36 in.
- Rosette of dark green, leathery, stiff, pinnatified, lance-shaped, sterile fronds that arise in a vase-shaped clump; tapers towards each tip; fountain of erect, fertile fronds in center
NCCES plant id: 185