- Common Name(s):
- American basswood, American linden
- Edible Plants, Trees
American linden is a useful shade tree in the Malvaceae family. It is easy to transplant is tolerant of clay soil and some drought once established. Has pale yellow-green fall color.
Seasons of Interest:
Foliage: Fall Bloom: Summer, June Fruit: Late Summer Branches: Winter, red
Wildlife Value: An amazing wildlife tree. A larval plant for red spotted purple and morning cloak butterflies. Its flowers are so attractive to honeybees you may hear the tree buzzing from several feet away. The nectar maks a excellent tasting honey. Its seeds are eaten by birds and squirrels.
Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. You may see borers, beetles, lacebugs, caterpillars, and scale. In hot, dry conditions spider mights may pose a signifcant problem. While infrequent, Verticillium wilt can be fatal. Powdery mildew, leaf spots, and cankers are other diseases that rarely occur.
- 60-75 ft.
- Lacy cluster of fragrant cream flowers; nut like structure attached to a papery bract
- 2 to 8
- Sun; moist, well drained fertile soil; tolerates dry soil and clay but not wet sites; keep soil mulched
- Pyramidal in youth; tall tree; slender, low, arching, spreading branches; broad; rounded; open crown
- Flowers are used to make tea and syrup can be made from the sweet tree sap.
- 45-60 ft.
- Growth Rate:
- 4 to 8 in. alternate, simple leaves; modest yellow green fall color
NCCES plant id: 2219