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Goldie's shield fern Dryopteris goldiana

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
dry-OP-ter-iss gol-dee-AH-na
Description

Goldie's Wood-fern is a native found in the rich moist soil of forested areas and seepage swamps of eastern North America and the mountains and Piedmont of NC. It is one of the largest ferns in this genus, growing to 4 feet (1.22 m) tall. It will spread slowly by short rhizomes to form a 6-foot clump.  It is easy to distinguish from other ferns not only by its size, but by the backward-arching, oblong-triangular fronds.  The fronds taper near the tip.  

This fern prefers a bright shady site, moist fertile acidic soils, protection from the wind and humid conditions. Use in a woodland garden, along ponds, streams or bogs, or massed in a native garden.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No issues noted.

VIDEO Created by NC State Extension's Homegrown series featuring Mark Weathington, Director of JC Raulston Arboretum.

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Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#heavy shade#deep shade#shade tolerant#fern#rabbit resistant#wet sites#NC native#deer resistant#woodland#native fern#food source summer#food source herbage#coastal FAC#Piedmont Mountains FAC#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#heavy shade#deep shade#shade tolerant#fern#rabbit resistant#wet sites#NC native#deer resistant#woodland#native fern#food source summer#food source herbage#coastal FAC#Piedmont Mountains FAC#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Dryopteris
    Species:
    goldiana
    Family:
    Dryopteridaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern North America
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Heavy shade, Rabbits and deer
    Dimensions:
    Height: 3 ft. 0 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 4 ft. 0 in. - 6 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Fern
    Native Plant
    Habit/Form:
    Arching
    Erect
    Maintenance:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Description:
    No fruits. This plants reproduces via spores.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Description:
    No flowers.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Fronds
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Fronds are 2-3' long, 1-1½' across, ovate shaped and form a loose rosette. They are backward-arching, dark green to golden green and taper abruptly near the tip. The compound leaf has 12-18 pairs of leaflets that are alternate on the stalk. The sori are on the underside of the leaflets.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Stems are green to gray-green and covered with brownish scales. They are 1/3 the length of the frond.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Pond
    Small Space
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Heavy Shade
    Rabbits
    Wet Soil