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Dracaena cincta

Previously known as:

  • Dracaena marginata
Description

Dragon Tree is an evergreen house plant from Madagascar. In its native habitat, it grows as a shrub or tree up to 20 feet tall. As a houseplant, it will grow 6-15 feet but can be pruned to keep it shorter. The top spiral of leaves can then be rooted and a new plant started.

The long strap-like leaves grow in a spiral around the trunk with the lower leaves falling off and leaving distinctive diamond-shaped leaf scars. They are dark green with reddish edges. It rarely blooms as a houseplant.

Plant in a loamy potting mix with good drainage. It needs medium moisture during the growing season but reduce water in the winter. Dragon Tree does best in bright indirect light with moderate humidity. The leaf tips will brown if the humidity is too low.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Narrow, linear leaves are less than 1 inch wide
  • Leaves spirally arranged around the unbranched trunk
  • Foliar margins are red or reddish-brown

Pest: Spider mites and scale

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Tricolor'
    Adds a thin yellow strip to the leaf
Tags:
#evergreen#houseplant#drought tolerant#container plant#showy leaves#interiorscape#palm-like#fantz
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Tricolor'
    Adds a thin yellow strip to the leaf
Tags:
#evergreen#houseplant#drought tolerant#container plant#showy leaves#interiorscape#palm-like#fantz
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Dracaena
    Species:
    cincta
    Family:
    Asparagaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Madagascar, Mauritius
    Dimensions:
    Height: 6 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 3 ft. 0 in. - 8 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Houseplant
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    10a, 10b, 11a, 11b, 12a, 12b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    1/2 inch berries are yellow-orange
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Fragrant small white flowers in terminal panicles. Rarely flowers as a house plant.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Linear
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    The 2 feet long by .5 inch wide leaves are arranged spirally near the top of the stem. They are dark green with reddish edges and no stems.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Round
    Stem Form:
    Straight
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Light gray stems have diamond-shaped leaf scars
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Houseplants
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought