Plant DetailShow Menu

Bermuda Grass Cynodon dactylon

Phonetic Spelling
SYN-nuh-don DAK-ta-lon
Description

Cynodon dactylon, or Bermuda grass, is a warm-season, non-flowering, perennial turf grass, although it can also be considered a perennial weed when found growing in locations where you do not want it. Bermuda grass is a mat-forming, medium- to fine-textured grass that is suitable for lawns and public areas. Bermuda grass spreads by rhizomes, stolons and seed, tolerates a wide range of soil types, and ph ranging from 5.0-8.5. This grass spreads vigorously.

Bermuda grass grows best in average, dry to medium, well-drained soil in full sun and warm temperatures. It does not grow well under low light (shaded) conditions, but does tolerate heat and drought. When grown as a turfgrass, mow regularly to a height of 3/4" to 1.5" tall, fertilize during the growing season (May to August) and use soil barriers to prevent spread into adjacent areas. Some winter kill is to be expected when winter temperatures dip below 10 degrees F. Needs regular dethatching.

This plant is widely used on athletic fields and golf course fairways due to its high tolerance for heavy traffic and rapid recovery time. In some turf settings, it is considered very invasive and difficult to control weed.  Refer to https://www.turffiles.ncsu.edu/grasses/bermudagrass/ for cultural and chemical control measures.

References:

https://www.turffiles.ncsu.edu/grasses/bermudagrass/

https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CYDA

https://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/plantanswers/turf/publications/Bermuda.html

https://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/plantanswers/turf/publications/Bermuda.html

Diseases, Insects, and Other Plant Problems:

No serious insect or disease problems. White grubs are the most common insect problem. Additional insects of concern include sod webworms, cutworms, armyworms, nematodes and mole crickets. Watch for mites. Bermuda grass is potentially toxic to livestock and, with its high production of pollen, can be a major cause of hay fever.

 

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Sundevil'
    Coarse, seeded turfgrass with light green blades; less winter hardy than the species.
  • 'Yukon'
    Fine-textured, seeded variety noted for winter hardiness, remains greener longer in fall before entering dormancy.
'Sundevil', 'Yukon'
Tags:
#drought tolerant#high maintenance#lawn#fast growing#warm-season grass#perennial weed#turfgrass
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Sundevil'
    Coarse, seeded turfgrass with light green blades; less winter hardy than the species.
  • 'Yukon'
    Fine-textured, seeded variety noted for winter hardiness, remains greener longer in fall before entering dormancy.
'Sundevil', 'Yukon'
Tags:
#drought tolerant#high maintenance#lawn#fast growing#warm-season grass#perennial weed#turfgrass
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Cynodon
    Species:
    dactylon
    Family:
    Poaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Used as turf grass for athletic fields, golf courses and home lawns, invasive weed in other turf grasses.
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Root Cutting
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Temperate and Subtropical Old World to Australia
    Wildlife Value:
    Host plant for Southern Skipperling
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 3 in. - 0 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 3 in. - 0 ft. 6 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Perennial
    Turfgrass
    Weed
    Habit/Form:
    Creeping
    Dense
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a, 10b, 10a
  • Flowers:
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Leaf Margin:
    Dentate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Leaf-blades flat, or conduplicate; to 5 inches long; 1/10 of an inch wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous; glabrous, or pilose; sparsely hairy.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Recreational Play Area
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Foot Traffic
    Problems:
    Weedy