Plant DetailShow Menu

Plants that fill a similar niche:
Crataegus nitida Crataegus nitida bark
Aronia arbutifolia Aronia arbutifolia
Cercis canadensis tree form with pink blooms
Crataegus crus-gali has some common disease problems:
Fire Blight
Cedar Apple Rust

Cockspur Hawthorn Crataegus crus-gali

Description

Crataegus crusgallii is a deciduous tree noted for being very dense and providing robust shade. It is native to North Carolina as well as other places in North America. The tree grows to a medium-large size of around 20-30 feet in height and produces both flowers and small red berry fruits. Both of these can provide a nice color accent to a garden. 

The tree produces white flowers in May which form red berries which are not well liked by birds. In the fall the leaves turn a brilliant red for a great color accent. These flowers also produce an unsavory aroma.
This tree is also noted for producing large thorns. Some cultivars such as 'Cruzam' (also known to a lesser extent as var. inermis, meaning "without thorns") do not produce these thorns.

Fire Risk: This plant has a low flammability rating.

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Cruzam'
    Thornless
Tags:
#thorns#showy flowers#deciduous#fall color#shade tree#showy berries#fragrant flowers#rose#white flowers#tree#spring flowers#low flammability#spines#fire resistant#hawthorn
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Cruzam'
    Thornless
Tags:
#thorns#showy flowers#deciduous#fall color#shade tree#showy berries#fragrant flowers#rose#white flowers#tree#spring flowers#low flammability#spines#fire resistant#hawthorn
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Crataegus
    Species:
    crus-gali
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Dimensions:
    Height: 20 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 20 ft. 0 in. - 35 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Appendage:
    Thorns
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    small deep-red berries .3 to .5 inches across
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Flowers bloom in late May with an unpleasant odor but produce red fruit
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Hairs Present:
    No
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Fire
    Problems:
    Spines/Thorns