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Cornus 'NCCH1' PP26,542

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
KOR-nus
Description

C. florida is arguably one of the most beautiful of the native American flowering trees and Little RubyTM lives up to her ancestry.  It is a truly unique dogwood with a compact form and semi-evergreen foliage that sports a red flush on young leaves followed by a dark maroon fall color. If that wasn’t enough, it has pink flower bracts that range from single to double. Developed as a collaborative project by NC State University and Star Roses & Plants Nursery with support from the Kenan Institute and the NC Biotechnology Center.  It grows best in partial shade but can tolerate full sun and can be trained as a large shrub or small tree.  Hardy to zone 6, in the south it is almost an evergreen tree.  It has some moderate drought tolerance once established.

Flowering dogwood is the state tree of Missouri, North Carolina, and Virginia. Flowering usually overlaps that of redbud trees, creating a beautiful spring display on the edge of forests. Dogwoods are an indicator of rich soil, as its fallen leaves decompose rapidly, improving the soil.

Seasons of Interest:

       Foliage: Fall  Fruit: Fall-Winter, Drupes 

Insects, Diseases and Other Problems: When stressed, is susceptible to a large number of disease problems, most serious is dogwood anthracnose. Other diseases include powdery mildew, leaf spot, canker, root rot and leaf & twig blight. It can also become vulnerable to borers. Leaf miner and scale are less serious potential insect pests.

 

 

 

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#fall#deciduous#fall color#birds#small tree#small spaces#specimen#semi-evergreen#nectar plant#shelter#low maintenance#cottage garden#small mammals#specialized bees#food source#mci#pollinator plant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#fall#deciduous#fall color#birds#small tree#small spaces#specimen#semi-evergreen#nectar plant#shelter#low maintenance#cottage garden#small mammals#specialized bees#food source#mci#pollinator plant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Cornus
    Family:
    Cornaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Common name of dogwood is a probable reference to an old-time use of hard slender stems from this tree for making skewers once known as dags or dogs. Native Americans used the root bark to counteract poisons and as a general tonic, flowers were infused to reduce fever, and compound infusions of several plant parts were used as blood purifiers.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Wildlife Value:
    Bright red fruits are an important fall and winter food for song & forest-edge birds and squirrels. Other plant parts are consumed by black bear, beaver, deer and skunk. Provides shelter and habitat for many wildlife species. Members of the genus Cornus support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilis, Andrena (Gonandrena) integra, and Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia.
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Extremely heat tolerant and disease resistant.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 8 ft. 0 in. - 12 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 6 ft. 0 in. - 8 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Semi-evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Erect
    Multi-trunked
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Drupe
    Fruit Description:
    Red drupes develop by late summer.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Cross
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    7 - 20 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    3-6 inches
    Flower Description:
    True dogwood flowers are tiny, yellowish-green, button-like clusters (inflorescences) in the center of showy, petal-like bracts. Little Ruby’s bracts are an incredible pink that range from single (4) to often more bracts.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Semi-evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Semi-evergreen foliage starts off with deep red-flushed new leaves, followed by bright green mature leaves with contrasting maroon veins, and finishing with stunning dark maroon fall color. Leaves are opposite and simple; veins follow the elliptic curve of the leaf (arcuate). Burgandy purple fall coloring.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    New stems are rich red
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Patio
    Recreational Play Area
    Small Space
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Cottage Garden
    Fairy Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Flowering Tree
    Screen/Privacy
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Diseases
    Drought
    Heat