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Oak Leaf Ivy Cissus rhombifolia

Other Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Cissus alata and Rhoicissus rhombifolia
Phonetic Spelling
siss' suss rom-bi-fol' ee-ah
Description

Subtropical evergreen perennial vine, climbing by tendrils. Grape Ivy is a favorite indoor houseplant that does well in a hanging basket or a trellis. Allow this plant to dry out between waterings and fertilize 4 times a year during the growing season. Dark green leaves mean there's an adequate fertilizer level. It needs average to cool indoor temperatures and bright, indirect light. 

Pests and Diseases: leafspots, mildews, mealybugs, spider mites, scales; leaves fall if too wet or too dry

Quick ID Hints:

  • Opposite leaf is a FORKED tendril or is missing
  • Leaves are ternately compound
  • Leaflets are rhombic-shaped, toothed, shiny

The forked tendril opposite of the 3-parted leaf is key ID for this vine; valued for its shiny, dark-green leaves and tolerance of poor growth conditions; used in hanging baskets, trellised or as interiorscape ground cover. 

In interior sites: Tolerant of low relative humidity and medium light; prefers moist soil; rapid growth; subject to root rot/pests.

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Ellen Danica'
    Leaflets are deeply lobed with a bushy habit.
  • 'Mandianna'
Tags:
#houseplant#green#container plant#showy leaves#interiorscape#trellis#hanging baskets#spreading#shade#vine#ivy#groundcover#fantz
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Ellen Danica'
    Leaflets are deeply lobed with a bushy habit.
  • 'Mandianna'
Tags:
#houseplant#green#container plant#showy leaves#interiorscape#trellis#hanging baskets#spreading#shade#vine#ivy#groundcover#fantz
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Cissus
    Species:
    rhombifolia
    Family:
    Vitaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Tropical Americas
    Climbing Method:
    Tendrils
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Houseplant
    Vine
    Habit/Form:
    Cascading
    Climbing
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Description:
    A dry berry, purple-black, non-ornamental and rare indoors.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Insignificant
    Flower Description:
    insignificant (3-10) greenish-white, small, seldom seen in cultivation, a compound cyme, axillary.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leathery
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Other/more complex
    Leaf Shape:
    Cuneate
    Ovate
    Rhomboidal
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    This plant has leathery, glossy, green, and ovate leaves in a trifoliate pattern that grows up to 8 inches long with toothed margins towards the tips. Silky brown hairs on the undersides. Opposite with one leaf missing or a forked tendril, ternately compound; segments rhombic-ovate, acute, cuneate, remotely sharply dentate, shiny dark green above, red pubescent on veins beneath; petioles rusty pubescent.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Stems yellow with reddish hairs when young.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Hanging Baskets
    Houseplants