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Dwarf Hinoki Falsecypress Chamaecyparis obtusa

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
kam-ee-SIP-a-riss ob-TOO-suh
Description

Hinoki Cypress is a large evergreen tree from Japan with a broad, softly pyramidal shape with spreading, horizontal branches. It prefers moist fertile loams but is adaptable to other soils as long as they are well-drained. It does best in full sun but can tolerate some shade and needs protection from the wind.

The flowers are insignificant and the cones are small and orange-brown. This tree is rarely used in landscapes due to the size in contrast, in the wild the width can easily be 120' wide however, there are many cultivars in smaller sizes better suited to home use.

It have been noted there are numerous variations in cutting rootability among the several cultivars of this species.

Seed: Cone

Quick ID Hints:

  • Dwarf shrub, sprays fan-shaped, flat
  • Leaves all scale-like
  • Scales glaucous along edges, below appear as X or Y

Slow growing, difficult to transplant, moist, well drained soil preferred, sunny area preferred. 

 

VIDEO Created by Elizabeth Meyer for "Trees, Shrubs and Conifers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.

More information on Chamaecyparis.

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscapes:
Garden Treasures Mountain Ridge Top Garden - East Lawn and Lower Drive Border Sun and Shade Demo Garden, Buncombe County Mountain Ridge Top Garden - East Lawn and Lower Drive Border
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Blue Feathers', 'Butter Ball', 'Chirimen', 'Confucius', 'Coralliformis', 'Crippssii', 'Ericoides', 'Fernspray', 'Fernspray Gold', 'Fillicoides', 'Gracilis', 'Gracilis Aurea', ‘Hirabi’, 'Kosteri', ‘Limerick’, 'Lucas', 'Luteaauea', 'Mariesii', 'Nana', 'Nana Gracilis', 'Nana Lutea', 'Pygmaea Aurescens', 'Reis Dwarf', 'Snowflake', 'Spirited', 'Sunspray', 'Tempelhof', 'Tetragona Aurea', 'Verdoni'
Tags:
#evergreen#full sun tolerant#wildlife plants#large tree#winter interest#playground#cpp#spreading#needled evergreen#children's garden#rock gardens#screening#fantz#parks#Buncombe County Sun and Shade Garden#mccarthy memorial garden
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Blue Feathers', 'Butter Ball', 'Chirimen', 'Confucius', 'Coralliformis', 'Crippssii', 'Ericoides', 'Fernspray', 'Fernspray Gold', 'Fillicoides', 'Gracilis', 'Gracilis Aurea', ‘Hirabi’, 'Kosteri', ‘Limerick’, 'Lucas', 'Luteaauea', 'Mariesii', 'Nana', 'Nana Gracilis', 'Nana Lutea', 'Pygmaea Aurescens', 'Reis Dwarf', 'Snowflake', 'Spirited', 'Sunspray', 'Tempelhof', 'Tetragona Aurea', 'Verdoni'
Tags:
#evergreen#full sun tolerant#wildlife plants#large tree#winter interest#playground#cpp#spreading#needled evergreen#children's garden#rock gardens#screening#fantz#parks#Buncombe County Sun and Shade Garden#mccarthy memorial garden
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Chamaecyparis
    Species:
    obtusa
    Family:
    Cupressaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Has been widely used in Japanese architecture.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Root Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Formosa, Japan
    Play Value:
    Screening
    Dimensions:
    Height: 50 ft. 0 in. - 75 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 10 ft. 0 in. - 25 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Broad
    Pyramidal
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    No true fruit-female seed bearing cones are green when immature turning to brown. Small 0.5 in. orange-brown cones with 8-10 scales
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Insignificant
    Orange
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    No true flowers - the pollen bearing cones are small and often reddish, growing from the branch tips.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    White
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Needles
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Short, closely compressed, green leaves are scale-like in flattened sprays with whitish x-like markings on the underside. Leaves come in 2 scale leaf sizes.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Red/Burgundy
    Surface/Attachment:
    Peeling
    Bark Description:
    Reddish-brown bark will peel on mature trees.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Meadow
    Recreational Play Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Rock Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Specimen