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Chaenomeles speciosa

Common Name(s):

Description

Chaenomeles speciosa, otherwise known as 'Flowering Quince' is a deciduous shrub of the Rosacea family. It is native to China and is relatively easy to grow in spots with well drained soil and medium moisture. It is tolerant of shade but will flower the most if placed in full sun. When mature this plant is mildly drought tolerant.

C. speciosa is a showy plant in multiple ways. Around March and into April it will flower profusely with medium sized, scarlet red blooms. Like its common name suggests, this plant is a fruiting  shrub and produces quince fruit. These fruit are normally considered inedible right off of the tree due to their being hard and bitter, however they are used to create preserves and jellies and some people eat them after having them set out to ripen. The fruits are yellow-green in color and around 2.5 inches long. This plant will flower off of old growth and moderation in pruning is recommended if you desire fruit, otherwise this plant can be pruned heavily. Prune in the spring to shape and to stimulate growth of flowering spurs for the next year. This will improve the next year's flowering but will reduce fruit production for the current year.

C. speciosa is a tough, hardy plant that would make a great informal hedge.  It is moderately salt tolerant, and in comparison, C. speciosa is more upright than its relative C. japonica.

Cultivars:
  • 'Old Red'
  • 'Orange Delight'
  • 'Orange Storm'
  • 'Pink Storm'
  • 'Scarlet Storm'
Tags:
#deciduous#showy#salt tolerant#hedge#playground#screens#children's garden
Cultivars:
  • 'Old Red'
  • 'Orange Delight'
  • 'Orange Storm'
  • 'Pink Storm'
  • 'Scarlet Storm'
Tags:
#deciduous#showy#salt tolerant#hedge#playground#screens#children's garden
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Chaenomeles
    Species:
    speciosa
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    China/Japan
    Wildlife Value:
    Can be damaged by deer occasionally
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Enhancement
    Edibility:
    Used for making jellies and preserves
    Dimensions:
    Height: 2 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 3 ft. 0 in. - 6 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Green
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Pome
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Green but turns yellow in the fall, fuzzy skin but hard and astringently tart. Normally used to make quince jelly.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    White
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Hairs Present:
    No
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Design Feature:
    Hedge
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Salt