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Eastern Redbud Cercis canadensis 'NCCC1' PPAF

Description

Cercis canadensis, commonly called eastern redbud, is a deciduous, often multi-trunked understory tree with a rounded crown that typically matures to 20-30’ tall with a slightly larger spread. It is particularly noted for its stunning pea-like rose-purple flowers which bloom profusely on bare branches in early spring (March-April) before the foliage emerges. This tree is native to eastern and central North America from Connecticut to New York to southern Ontario and the Great Lakes south to Western Texas and Florida.

There is nothing else on the planet like Carolina SweetheartTM. A carnival of color in early summer as new leaves emerge. It starts out with pink flowers in the spring. Then the new leaves emerge purple, but over time, gain various shades of white, green, and hot pink. It makes coleus look drab in comparison. Eventually, the leaves turn green in the summer.  It was developed as a collaborative project by NC State University and Star Roses and Plants Nursery.

The Eastern redbud is easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Part shade is best in hot summer climates. It performs best in moderately fertile soils with regular and consistent moisture. Avoid wet or poorly drained soils. Since this tree does not transplant well, it should be planted when young and left undisturbed.

Redbuds, along with Dogwoods, grow on woodland edges and bring a welcome vibrancy of color in very early spring before other trees have even leafed out.  More information on Cercis canadensis

Seasons of Interest:

       Foliage: Early spring, purple   Blooms: Early spring, Spring   Fruits: Late summer, Fall

Insects, Diseases and Other Problems: Insect pests include Japanese beetles, treehoppers, leafhoppers, caterpillars, borers, webworms, and scale. Canker can be a significant disease problem. Verticillium wilt, dieback, leaf spots, mildew, and blights may also occur. Keeping the tree vigorous by regular watering and fertilization and by pruning out dead branches as needed will help keep the tree healthy. Whitetail deer browse the foliage and can damage the tree by eating the bark.

More information on Cercis canadensis var. canadensis.

Cultivars:
Tags:
#bees#native#purple#deciduous#fall color#birds#understory#pollinators#wildlife plant#honey bees#nectar plant#showy leaves#variegated foliage#winter interest#interesting leaves#street tree#early spring#specialized bees#cpp#mci
Cultivars:
Tags:
#bees#native#purple#deciduous#fall color#birds#understory#pollinators#wildlife plant#honey bees#nectar plant#showy leaves#variegated foliage#winter interest#interesting leaves#street tree#early spring#specialized bees#cpp#mci
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Cercis
    Species:
    canadensis
    Family:
    Fabaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Native American tribes made the bark into a medicinal tea and took cold infusions of the roots & inner bark to treat fever and congestion. In the winter, it was valuable firewood. Because it is one of the first plants to flower, the flowering branches were brought into homes to “drive the winter out”.  People in the Appalachian Mountains used young stems to season venison. Children were fond of eating the flowers, which taste pea-like.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern and Central North America
    Wildlife Value:
    The blossoms provide nectar for honey bees, butterflies, and other insects. Once pollinated, leguminous pods form with seeds that are eaten by many birds, including bobwhite quail. It is a host plant for the Henry Elfin's butterfly. Members of the genus Cercis support the following specialized bee: Habropoda laboriosa.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 15 ft. 0 in. - 35 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Native Plant
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    24-60 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Legume
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Summer brings 2-3 inch flattened, leguminous, bean-like, brown pods in clusters, each pod containing 6 – 12 seeds.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Lipped
    Flower Petals:
    asymmetrical petals
    fused petals
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    The Eastern redbud is most well known for its stunning pea-like rose-lavender flowers, which bloom profusely in very early spring, on bare branches. Flowers (to ½” wide) are borne in clusters of 4-10, primarily on older branches.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Variegated
    White
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Alternate, simple, cordate leaves, broadly ovate to nearly circular with a long, slender petiole. In the Carolina SweetheartTM, the leaves are a riot of color, starting out purple, but changing to shades of white, green and hot pink, and eventually turning green in summer,
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Small Space
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Pollinator Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Flowering Tree
    Specimen
    Street Tree
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Moths
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees