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Caladium Caladium bicolor; Caladium x hortulanum

Other plants called Caladium:

Phonetic Spelling
ka-LAY-dee-um BYE-kuh-lor
This plant has medium severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

A perennial summer flowering bulb often grown as an annual bedding or container plant.  Acaulescent herb. The leaves are showy alternate, simple, arrow-shaped, and variegated with white between the veins.  The flowers are in a spadix surrounded by a yellow-green spathe.

The tubers will not overwinter outdoors.  It tolerates deep shade.  Keep moist but not wet.  This plant lends bright colors and a tropical look to borders and containers.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. Leaves are rather fragile and may easily be damaged by wind or hail. Slugs and snails may chew holes in the foliage.

Color:  Grown for colorful, arrowhead-shaped leaves: white, pink, red, bicolor

Poison Delivery Mode:  Ingestion, dermatitis

Severity:  TOXIC ONLY IF LARGE QUANTITIES EATEN. CAUSES SEVERE PAIN IN THE MOUTH IF EATEN! SKIN IRRITATION MINOR OR LASTING ONLY FOR A FEW MINUTES.

Found in:  Houseplant or interiorscape; landscape in flower garden as cultivated, tender herbaceous annual

Quick ID Hints:

  • Acaulescent plant with elongate, erect petioles
  • Leaves sagittate, peltate, variable variegation
  • Popular selections are white leaves with green/red

Leaves variable in coloration and size, with many cultivar selections; some nearly white with green border & veins; flowers & fruits ornamentally insignificant; propagated by tubers;tubers must be dug up & stored overwinter; utilized as specimen plant, massing, shaded borders; water guzzler, needs abundant amounts when growng. 

Difficult to grow as interior landscape plants as leaves die back during winter.

CULTURE: full sun to partial shade; prefers fertile organic soils, well-drained.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bulb#houseplant#summer#variegated#heavy shade#container plant#showy leaves#moist soil#cpp#summer bulbs#fantz
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bulb#houseplant#summer#variegated#heavy shade#container plant#showy leaves#moist soil#cpp#summer bulbs#fantz
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Caladium
    Species:
    bicolor
    Family:
    Araceae
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Perennial
    Poisonous
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Description:
    The flowers are in a spadix surrounded by a yellow-green spathe. Peduncle short; spathe tubular below, limb partly expanded, constricted above tube, greenish-white. Inconspicuous.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Pink
    White
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves are showy alternate, simple, arrow-shaped, and variegated with white between the veins. Ovate to elliptic, acute to short-acuminate, sagittate, entire, more or less undulate, green with white to pink to red variegation, 7-17.5" long x 4.5-10" wide; basal lobes obtuse; petiole peltate, elongate, subequal to longer than leaf.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Medium
    Poison Symptoms:
    Burning and swelling of lips, mouth, tongue; also nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may occur; contact with cell sap can cause skin irritation
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Calcium oxalate crystals and unidentified compounds
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    Yes
    Poison Part:
    Bark
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Roots
    Sap/Juice
    Seeds
    Stems