Caladium bicolor; Caladium x hortulanum
- Phonetic Spelling
- ka-LAY-dee-um BYE-kuh-lor
- This plant has medium severity poison characteristics.
- See below
A perennial summer flowering bulb often grown as an annual bedding or container plant. Acaulescent herb. The leaves are showy alternate, simple, arrow-shaped, and variegated with white between the veins. The flowers are in a spadix surrounded by a yellow-green spathe.
The tubers will not overwinter outdoors. It tolerates deep shade. Keep moist but not wet. This plant lends bright colors and a tropical look to borders and containers.
Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. Leaves are rather fragile and may easily be damaged by wind or hail. Slugs and snails may chew holes in the foliage.
Color: Grown for colorful, arrowhead-shaped leaves: white, pink, red, bicolor
Poison Delivery Mode: Ingestion, dermatitis
Severity: TOXIC ONLY IF LARGE QUANTITIES EATEN. CAUSES SEVERE PAIN IN THE MOUTH IF EATEN! SKIN IRRITATION MINOR OR LASTING ONLY FOR A FEW MINUTES.
Found in: Houseplant or interiorscape; landscape in flower garden as cultivated, tender herbaceous annual
Quick ID Hints:
- Acaulescent plant with elongate, erect petioles
- Leaves sagittate, peltate, variable variegation
- Popular selections are white leaves with green/red
Leaves variable in coloration and size, with many cultivar selections; some nearly white with green border & veins; flowers & fruits ornamentally insignificant; propagated by tubers;tubers must be dug up & stored overwinter; utilized as specimen plant, massing, shaded borders; water guzzler, needs abundant amounts when growng.
Difficult to grow as interior landscape plants as leaves die back during winter.
CULTURE: full sun to partial shade; prefers fertile organic soils, well-drained.
- Cultivars / Varieties:
- Cultivars / Varieties:
Whole Plant Traits:
- Plant Type:
- Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
- Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
- Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
- Soil Texture:
- High Organic Matter
- Soil Drainage:
- Good Drainage
- Flower Color:
- Flower Bloom Time:
- Flower Description:
- The flowers are in a spadix surrounded by a yellow-green spathe. Peduncle short; spathe tubular below, limb partly expanded, constricted above tube, greenish-white. Inconspicuous.
- Leaf Color:
- Leaf Value To Gardener:
- Leaf Type:
- Leaf Arrangement:
- Leaf Shape:
- Hairs Present:
- Leaf Description:
- The leaves are showy alternate, simple, arrow-shaped, and variegated with white between the veins. Ovate to elliptic, acute to short-acuminate, sagittate, entire, more or less undulate, green with white to pink to red variegation, 7-17.5" long x 4.5-10" wide; basal lobes obtuse; petiole peltate, elongate, subequal to longer than leaf.
- Stem Is Aromatic:
- Landscape Location:
Poisonous to Humans:
- Poison Severity:
- Poison Symptoms:
- Burning and swelling of lips, mouth, tongue; also nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may occur; contact with cell sap can cause skin irritation
- Poison Toxic Principle:
- Calcium oxalate crystals and unidentified compounds
- Causes Contact Dermatitis:
- Poison Part: