Plant DetailShow Menu

Yatay palm Butia capitata

Phonetic Spelling
BEW-tee-uh kap-ih-TAY-tuh
Description

Jelly Palm is a popular landscape plant in the northern areas of Florida as well as the Gulf and Atlantic area of the southeast, in North Florida, and throughout the mild Gulf and Atlantic coastal regions of the southeastern United States. This cold-hardy palm has feathery, palm, pinnate leaves that arch inwards towards a thick, stout trunk. This shrub or small tree can reach up to 20 feet, is erect and single-stemmed, and prefers a warm, sunny location. Its fronds grow longer in shady situations, giving the palm a more graceful aspect than those grown in full sun. Eventually, this plant will become a small (palm) tree.

This variety is one of the hardiest of the feather-leaved palms. It has developed some drought tolerance due to its deep root system. It is moderately salt tolerant but intolerant of full shade, the cold, and wet soil. This plant has some pest problems.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Blue-green, long, pinnately compound leaves
  • Paired pinnae ascend rachis in V-formation
  • Single, stout stem, clothed in grey leaf bases
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#sun#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#red-orange#shrub#tree#salt tolerant#palm#winter interest#coastal#ornamentals
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#sun#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#red-orange#shrub#tree#salt tolerant#palm#winter interest#coastal#ornamentals
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Butia
    Species:
    capitata
    Family:
    Arecaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Brazil (Bahia, Goiás, Minas Gerais)
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    drought tolerant, salt tolerant
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 10 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Perennial
    Shrub
    Tree
    Habit/Form:
    Arching
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    8b, 8a, 9b, 9a, 10b, 10a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Showy
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    The fruit is spherical to ovoid, yellow to red, and 1 inch. It is used to make jellies and fermented for wine.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Auxillary flower clusters on large 3-4 foot long inflorescence bearing tiny, yellowish to orange-red, showy flowers are fruity-scented. This plant has unisexual flowers of both sexes (male with 6 stamens and female with 3 stigmas and a solitary pistol).
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Blue
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Fronds
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Linear
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves range from light green to bluish-gray (in general, a blue-green) and grow 5 to 10 feet long that arch inwards. Each leaf has 25-60 pairs of narrow pointed leaflets. The leaves are pinnately compound, pinnae linear, 2-ranked in V-shape, regularly spaced in one plane, ascending, have a single fold, and spiral arrangement.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    The stem is stout, erect, clothed with grey leaf bases.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Naturalized Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Flowering Tree
    Foundation Planting
    Specimen
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Salt