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Betula nigra 'Shiloh Splash' (PP16,362)

Description

Discovered by John and Danny Allen at Shiloh Nursery, ‘Shiloh Splash’ river birch is a variegated cultivar of river birch that has utility as a shrub or small tree in the landscape. Well mannered, Shiloh Splash will grow to be about 10-15 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 8-10 feet. With their pretty, papery, tan and peach bark, River Birches are wonderful winter interest trees, but here's one that delights in the summertime, as well. 'Shiloh Splash' River Birch features green leaves that appear to have had their margins dunked in creamy-white paint. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 3 feet from the ground.  Propagation studies found that this cultivar roots readily from terminal, softwood cuttings (taken in mid-July) with optimal treatments consisting of basal dips of 2,000 – 4,000 ppm of either KIBA or IBA in 50% isopropyl alcohol. It can be expected to live up to 70 years.

Site: River birches are extremely adaptable and tolerates a wide range of growing conditions including high temperatures and wet soils. Easily grown average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. River birch is perhaps the most culturally adaptable and heat tolerant of the birches. Prefers moist, acidic, fertile soils including semi-aquatic conditions, but also tolerates drier soils. Consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist. Adapts well to heavy clay soils and will tolerate poor drainage. Avoid pruning in spring when the sap is running.

Seasons of Interest: 

    Foliage: Variegated, Fall-yellow  Bark: Winter

Insects, Diseases and Other Problems:  Our native river birch is one of the most popular trees for southern nurseries and landscapes. It is utilized extensively due to its attractive ornamental features, excellent adaptability (tolerance to heat and clay soils), and it is one of the only birch species with resistance to bronze birch borer. Susceptible to chlorosis in alkaline soils.

Cultivars:
  • 'Shiloh Splash'
Tags:
#butterflies#deciduous#small tree#pollinators#bark#small spaces#variegated#wildlife plant#moths#tree#fall foliage#winter interest#host plant#fall interest#interesting leaves#larval plant#wind screen#cpp#screens
Cultivars:
  • 'Shiloh Splash'
Tags:
#butterflies#deciduous#small tree#pollinators#bark#small spaces#variegated#wildlife plant#moths#tree#fall foliage#winter interest#host plant#fall interest#interesting leaves#larval plant#wind screen#cpp#screens
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Betula
    Species:
    nigra
    Family:
    Betulaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    The leaves of Betula nigra were chewed or used as an infusion in the treatment of dysentery. An infusion of the bark was used to treat stomach problems and difficult urination. Twigs were chewed or rubbed on teeth and gums for dental hygiene. River birch sap can be fermented to make birch beer or vinegar. The wood is used to manufacturer inexpensive furniture and other woodenware.
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Stem Cutting
    Wildlife Value:
    The River birch is a host plant for Mourning Cloak and Dreamy Duskywing butterflies.  Many moths also use it as a host plant.  The seeds are eaten by birds.  Birds and squirrels eat the male catkins in late winter/early springtime.
    Play Value:
    Wind Screen
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    This tree is resistant to damage by deer.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 10 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 8 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Pyramidal
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Description:
    Cone-like aggregate fruit which contains 3 tiny seeds.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Insignificant
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Inconspicuous. Monoecious flowers appear in drooping, brownish male catkins and smaller, upright, greenish female catkins April-May.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Variegated
    White
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Deltoid
    Leaf Margin:
    Doubly Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Enticingly variegated, alternate, simple, medium to dark green leaves with irregular white margins (1.5-3.5" long) with doubly toothed margins turn bright yellow in fall. Some shoots occasionally revert back to a uniform green color and need to be removed.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Brown
    Orange
    Surface/Attachment:
    Exfoliating
    Papery
    Peeling
    Bark Description:
    Papery peach and tan bark.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Small Space
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Children's Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rain Garden
    Winter Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Dry Soil
    Heat
    Wet Soil