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Betula nigra 'Shiloh Splash' (PP16,362) has some common insect problems:
Aphids Found on Flowers and Foliage
Leafminer Flies

Betula nigra 'Shiloh Splash' (PP16,362)

Phonetic Spelling
BET-yoo-luh NY-gruh
Description

Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere. Betula nigra 'Shiloh Splash", a cultivar of Betula nigra, is a deciduous, variegated, flowering tree with papery, tan, and peach bark and green leaves that appear to have had their margins dunked in creamy-white paint. Tiny monoecious (male and female) flowers appear in early spring in separate catkins on the same tree. Greenish female flowers are followed by drooping cone-like fruits containing numerous small winged seeds that typically mature in late summer.

Discovered by John and Danny Allen at Shiloh Nursery, ‘Shiloh Splash’ River Birch has can be used as a shrub or small tree in the landscape. This native river birch is one of the most popular trees for southern nurseries and landscapes. It is used extensively due to its attractive ornamental features and excellent adaptability. Well mannered, Shiloh Splash will grow to be about 10-15 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 8-10 feet (as opposed to the 80-foot height sometimes reached by Betula nigra). 'Shiloh Splash' River Birch has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 3 feet from the ground.  Propagation studies found that this cultivar roots readily from terminal, softwood cuttings (taken in mid-July) with optimal treatments consisting of basal dips of 2,000 – 4,000 ppm of either KIBA or IBA in 50% isopropyl alcohol. This cultivar can be expected to live up to 70 years.

River Birch prefers wet sites and does best in moist, acidic, sandy, or rocky, well-drained loams in full sun to part shade. The best foliage color occurs in full sun. River birch is perhaps the most culturally adaptable and heat tolerant of the birches. This species has been known to tolerate flooded conditions for extended periods of time. For this reason, it is naturally found in riverbanks, streambanks, and floodplains. In the landscape, keep the tree consistently moist and consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist. It needs little pruning, but if necessary, you can prune during the dormant season. Do not prune in winter or spring when the sap is running because it will bleed.  It tends to drop lots of twigs, making it better suited for less manicured areas of the landscape.

Insects, Diseases and Other Problems:  One of the only birch species with resistance to bronze birch borer. Aphids, leaf miner and birch skeletonizer may occur. Watch for leaf spot problems. Susceptible to chlorosis in alkaline soils.

More information on Betula nigra.

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Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Shiloh Splash'
'Shiloh Splash'
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#small tree#bark#small spaces#moths#tree#variegated leaves#winter interest#fall interest#interesting leaves#windbreak#cpp#screening
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Shiloh Splash'
'Shiloh Splash'
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#small tree#bark#small spaces#moths#tree#variegated leaves#winter interest#fall interest#interesting leaves#windbreak#cpp#screening
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Betula
    Species:
    nigra
    Family:
    Betulaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    The leaves of Betula nigra were chewed or used as an infusion in the treatment of dysentery. An infusion of the bark was used to treat stomach problems and difficult urination. Twigs were chewed or rubbed on teeth and gums for dental hygiene. River birch sap can be fermented to make birch beer or vinegar. The wood is used to manufacturer inexpensive furniture and other woodenware.
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Central and Eastern United States
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    The seeds are eaten by birds.  Birds and squirrels eat the male catkins in late winter/early springtime.
    Play Value:
    Wind Break
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    This tree is resistant to damage by deer.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 10 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 8 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Open
    Pyramidal
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Aggregate
    Nut
    Fruit Description:
    Cone-like aggregate fruit which contains 3 tiny seeds.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Insignificant
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Inconspicuous. Monoecious flowers appear in drooping, brownish male catkins and smaller, upright, greenish female catkins April-May.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Variegated
    White
    Leaf Feel:
    Rough
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Deltoid
    Leaf Margin:
    Doubly Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Enticingly variegated, alternate, simple, medium to dark green leaves with irregular white margins (1.5-3.5" long) with doubly toothed margins turn bright yellow in fall. Some shoots occasionally revert back to a uniform green color and need to be removed.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Brown
    Orange
    Surface/Attachment:
    Exfoliating
    Papery
    Peeling
    Ridges
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    Provides winter interest in the landscape. Smooth on young trees, peach to tan-colored, develops papery scales. As the tree ages, bark divides into flat, scaly ridges. The bark peels away year-round.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Small Space
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Children's Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rain Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Flowering Tree
    Small Tree
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Dry Soil
    Heat
    Wet Soil
    Problems:
    Messy