Begonia semperflorens-cultorum, B. x tuberhybrida
- Phonetic Spelling
- beh-GO-nee-ah sem-pur-FLOR-enz kul-TOR-um
- This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
- See below
Fibrous rooted or tuberous rooted herb; leaves alternate, simple, broad, toothed, highly variable in texture and color; flowers in small, axillary clusters, 4-parted, with 2 small and 2 large, petal-like parts, white, pink, or red, many stamens; fruit a winged capsule.
Succulent herb 6-18" tall, involving a complex of hybrid selections.
FEMALE FLOWERS with 4-5 subequal petals, bearing an inferior swollen ovary with wings; style 3-branched above, branches erect, contorted near base, yellow, and resemble an erect horseshoe.
MALE FLOWERS with 4 unequal petals, two lateral petals very narrow, othe pair broad obovate; stamens numerous, clustered, exerted with prominent yellow stamens.
Confused with tuberous begonia & distinguished in literature by fibrous roots; in field, tuberous has an elongated leaf with a length/width ratio of 2-3, and with male flower borne between a pair of female flowers; summer bloomer from July through September; will thrive in full sun if watered frequently, a water guzzler.
Found in: Houseplant or interiorscape; landscape in flower garden as cultivated herbaceous annuals
Quick ID Hints:
- Succulent with asymmetrical/oblique, waxy leaves
- Leaves broad ovate to obicular, L/W ratio near 1
- Male flowers clustered, 4-petals with 2 narrow lateral petals
- Female flowers with prominent winged ovary
- Styles 3, branched into erect yellow horseshoes
Best in shaded sites and humus-rich soil; sun tolerant with frequent watering; seed sown in January in gentle heat, not covered with compost, planted out in early June; susceptable to rot, fungal diseases, mealy bugs & thrips.
- Cultivars / Varieties:
- Cultivars / Varieties:
- Life Cycle:
- Country Or Region Of Origin:
- Tropical America
Whole Plant Traits:
- Plant Type:
- Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
- Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
- Soil Texture:
- High Organic Matter
- Fruit Type:
- Fruit Description:
- Winged capsule
- Flower Color:
- Flower Inflorescence:
- Flower Description:
- Flowers in small, axillary clusters, 4-parted, with 2 small and 2 large, petal-like parts, white, pink, or red, many stamens. Axillary cymes of small flowers, male and female flowers segregated. White, pink or reddish; anthers and pistil yellow.
- Leaf Color:
- Leaf Feel:
- Leaf Type:
- Leaf Arrangement:
- Leaf Shape:
- Leaf Margin:
- Hairs Present:
- Leaf Description:
- Leaves alternate, simple, toothed, highly variable in texture and color. Glossy, waxy, ovate to broad ovate-oval, crenately-serrulate, oblique basally, green to bronze, often red-tinged in sun; length/width ratio of blade near 1.
- Stem Is Aromatic:
- Stem Description:
- Branched, clumping, fleshy, glabrous.
- Landscape Location: