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Groundsel Tree Baccharis halimifolia L.

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
BAK-ah-riss ha-lim-ih-FOH-lee-ah
Description

Baccharis spp. is in the Asteraceae (daisy) family, and is native to the coastal areas of the eastern US.  There are several similar Baccharis species which form large shrubs or small trees.  Groundsel tree, Baccharis halimifolia, is native to the southeastern US coastal plain but is spreading.  It is occasionally sold in the nursery trade for its unique foliage and flowering season.  It has brittle wood and is usually multi-trunked and has an irregular, open, airy habit that can become leggy.  Foliage is covered with a white waxy layer, making the foliage look grey; seedlings somewhat resembling lambsquarters. In the fall and winter plants may be covered with white to cream-colored flower heads.  Seeds are shed in late fall or winter.  Wind dispersed seeds blow into landscapes during the winter months.

This plant prefers full sun to partial shade it tolerates a range of soil types, even poor fertility and wet sites.  It is tolerant to heat, drought, wet sites, and salt spray.  If desired in the landscape it is best used as filler or on the edge of a natural area.  It can be weedy and if undesired, the seedlings are not well controlled by preemergence herbicides, and selective postemergence controls are not available.  Hand pulling seedlings when small is the best option for removal.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#deciduous#fall color#full sun#partial shade#drought tolerant#weed#gray leaves#shade shrub#wet sites
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#deciduous#fall color#full sun#partial shade#drought tolerant#weed#gray leaves#shade shrub#wet sites
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Baccharis
    Species:
    halimifolia L.
    Family:
    Asteraceae
    Dimensions:
    Height: 5 ft. 0 in. - 12 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 5 ft. 0 in. - 7 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Weed
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Semi-evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Multi-stemmed
    Open
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil Drainage:
    Frequent Standing Water
    Occasionally Wet
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    White
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Winter
    Fruit Description:
    Female plant is covered with cottony fruit that persists into early winter
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    White
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Semi-evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    White
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Margin:
    Dentate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Alternate, simple leaves; 1-3 in.; coarsely toothed; bright green to gray-green; non-showy fall color.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Dry Soil
    Heat
    Wet Soil