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Viola cornuta, V. tricolor

Common Name(s):
Horned violet, Johnnyjump-up, Tufted violet, Viola
Categories:
Annuals, Perennials
Comment:


Johnnyjump-ups are annual to perennial flowers (depending on winter temperatures) in the Violaceae family.  They have showy two-toned fragrant flowers that appear from April to June.  If blooming slows with warm summer weather prune back to encourage a second bloom in the fall. They prefer humusy, evenly moist, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade.  If they are perennial in your area, plant them in woodland gardens or along boarders.  They tolerate being planted near black walnut trees.  If they are annuals using them in bedding, window boxes, and containers. 

Seasons of Interest:

     Bloom: Spring-Summer, April-June

Wildlife Value: Nectar from the flowers attract butterflies and bees.  Members of the genus Viola support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilisAndrena (Gonandrena) integraand Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia

Insects, Diseases and Other Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. Susceptible to fungal leaf diseases. Watch for slugs and snails. This plant is frequently damaged by deer.

Season:
Early spring; fall; winter
Light:
Sun to partial shade
Height:
8-12 in.
Space:
6-8 in.
Flower Color:
Blue, bicolors, purple, white, yellow
Hardiness:
Zones 6-11
Propagation:
Seed
Exposure:
Sun, to partial shade
Soil:
Organically rich, well drained
Origin:
Pyrenees
Tags:
woodland, winter, specialized bees, bedding, fragrant flowers, bees, nectar, pollinator, fragrant, window boxes, container, boarder, butterflies, wildlife

NCCES plant id: 153

Viola cornuta Viola cornuta
Jayul, CC BY-NC-2.0
Viola cornuta Viola cornuta
Patrick-Standish, CC BY - 2.0
Viola cornuta Viola cornuta
Kate Foy, CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0
Viola cornuta Viola cornuta
Hunda, CC-BY-SA-2.0