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Eschscholzia californica

Common Name(s):
California poppy
Category:
Annuals
Comment:

Wildflower native to the western U.S. and is the state flower of California.  It adds a vibrant pop of color to hot dry sites with poor soil.   Considered a drought tolerant cool season annual. The flowers stand on tall stems waving above a mound of loose feathery blue-green foliage in the spring through summer.  Flowers are 3" in diameter, cup-shaped, and have 4 silky petals. Bright orange is the most common color though they can come in yellow-orange to  cream.  Flowers close up in rainy or cloudy weather and at night. They give way to dehiscent seed caules which split open when ripe to release thousands of tiny, round, black poppy seeds making them very easy to propagate. The foliage turns dry and brown after flowering.

Sow seeds directly in the ground at the last spring frost date or start indoors 2-3 weeks prior to last frost date. Seed may be sown in fall in USDA Zones 6-10. Deadhead flowers regularly to promote additional bloom, but leave some flowerheads for self-seeding. 

These annuals are a great addition to beds, borders, rock gardens, along paths or walkways, or in containers. They work well in large naturalized plantings like meadows.

Insesects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: No serious problems with this plant.

Season:
Spring
Light:
Sun to partial shade
Color:
Orange, red, rose, salmon, white, yellow
Height:
12-24 in.
Space:
6-8 in.
Tags:
sun, annual, wildflower, showy flowers, spring, low maintenance, drought tolerant, white, yellow, meadow, containers, orange, red, partial shade, rock garden, boarder, showy

NCCES plant id: 70

Eschscholzia californica Eschscholzia californica
Ángel Hernansáez, CC BY-ND-2.0
Eschscholzia californica Eschscholzia californica
Koshy Koshy, CC BY - 2.0
Eschscholzia californica Eschscholzia californica
Dagmar Collins, CC BY-NC-2.0
Eschscholzia californica Eschscholzia californica
John, CC BY-NC-2.0
Eschscholzia californica Eschscholzia californica
tdlucas5000, CC BY - 2.0
Eschscholzia californica Eschscholzia californica
Chris Gladis, CC BY-NC-2.0
Eschscholzia californica Eschscholzia californica
Forest and Kim Starr, CC-BY-3.0
Eschscholzia californica Seeds