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Thimbleweed Anemone virginiana var. virginiana

Other Common Name(s):

Other plants called Thimbleweed:

Phonetic Spelling
uh-NEM-oh-nee vir-jin-ee-AN-uh vir-jin-ee-AN-uh
This plant has medium severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Tall Thimbleweed is a native perennial wildflower and a member of the buttercup family. It is found naturally in rich woodlands, especially on circumneutral soils. This plant produces showy flowers and long-lasting, thimble-shaped seedheads (hence its name). All parts of this plant are toxic and the sap may irritate the skin so wear gloves to handle.

It grows in dry to moderate moisture conditions in sun to shade and tolerates poor and rocky soils. Use in naturalized areas or the native garden.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#white flowers#shade tolerant#NC native#long bloom time#native wildflower#naturalized area#food source nectar#bird friendly#food source hard mast fruit#flies#Piedmont Mountains FACU#Coastal FACU#audubon#woodlands
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#white flowers#shade tolerant#NC native#long bloom time#native wildflower#naturalized area#food source nectar#bird friendly#food source hard mast fruit#flies#Piedmont Mountains FACU#Coastal FACU#audubon#woodlands
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Anemone
    Species:
    virginiana
    Family:
    Ranunculaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    U.S.A. and eastern Canada
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts bees and song birds
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 1 ft. 4 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Poisonous
    Wildflower
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Achene
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Fruit is an achene that is 1/2 to 1.25 inches long and oval. As it matures will open to expose cottony fluff with tiny brown seeds. The cottony cone persists through winter.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Long Bloom Season
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Cup
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Colored Sepals
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Individual flowers are ¾ to 1 inch across with 5 pointed, hairy, greenish-white, petal-like sepals and numerous yellowish stamens around a bulbous green center on hairy flower stalks. Blooms June to Aug.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Palmatifid
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are basal and also in a whorl of 3-5 midway up the stem. All are palmately compound in groups of 3. Leaflets have 3-5 lobes, entire except for the tips and hairy. Up to 2.5 inches long.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Hairy green stems
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Native Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Poor Soil
    Problems:
    Contact Dermatitis
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Medium
    Poison Symptoms:
    Toxic only if eaten in large quantities. Causes severe pain in the mouth if eaten. Poisonous through ingestion and dermatitis. (Poisonous parts: All parts when fresh). Symptoms may include: Inflammation and blistering upon contact with fresh sap; irritation of mouth, vomiting and diarrhea following ingestion.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Protoanemonin
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    Yes
    Poison Part:
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Sap/Juice
    Seeds
    Stems