Amelanchier arborea var. laevis
- Phonetic Spelling
- am-eh-LAN-kee-er ar-BOR-ee-ah vah-RYE-eh-tee LYE-viss
Amelanchier laevis, commomly called Allegheny serviceberry, is a small, deciduous, usually multi-trunked understory tree or tall shrub which is native to thickets, open woods, sheltered slopes and wood margins in Eastern North America where it typically grows 15-25' (less frequently to 40') tall.
This plant may possess irregular branching.
Site: The Allegheny serviceberry is easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. It is tolerant of a somewhat wide range of soils, but prefers moist, well-drained loams.
Seasons of Interest:
Leaves: Fall Blooms: Early spring, spring Nut/Fruit/Seed: Late summer
Wildlife Value: This plant is moderately resistant to damage from deer. It is a host plant for the Red-Spotted Purple and Viceroy butterflies. Butterflies and other insects nectar at the blooms. Its fruit is eaten by songbirds, ruffled grouse and both small and large mammals.
Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: The Allegheny Serviceberry has no serious insect or disease problems, however, rust, leaf spot, fire blight, powdery mildew and canker are occasional disease problems.
- Country Or Region Of Origin:
- Eastern North America
- Wildlife Value:
- This plant is moderately resistant to damage from deer. It is a host plant for the Red-Spotted Purple and Viceroy butterflies. Butterflies and other insects nectar at the blooms. Its fruit is eaten by songbirds, ruffled grouse and both small and large mammals.
- Play Value:
- Wildlife Enhancement
- Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
- no serious insect or disease problems, moderaltly resistant to deer damage
- The berries are often used in jams, jellies and pies.
- Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
- Width: 15 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
Whole Plant Traits:
- Plant Type:
- Native Plant
- Leaf Characteristics:
- Growth Rate:
- Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
- Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
- Soil Texture:
- Loam (Silt)
- Soil Drainage:
- Good Drainage
- NC Region:
- Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
- 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
- Fruit Color:
- Display/Harvest Time:
- Fruit Type:
- Fruit Description:
- The flowers give way to small, round, edible berries which ripen to dark purplish-black in June (hence the sometimes common name of Juneberry) and resemble blueberries in size, color and taste. The berries are often used in jams, jellies and pies.
- Flower Color:
- Flower Value To Gardener:
- Flower Bloom Time:
- Flower Petals:
- 4-5 petals/rays
- Flower Description:
- The Allegheny serviceberry features showy, 5-petaled, slightly fragrant, white flowers in drooping clusters which appear in early spring (April) before the leaves. The flowers give way to small, round, edible berries.
- Leaf Characteristics:
- Leaf Color:
- Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
- Leaf Shape:
- Hairs Present:
- Leaf Description:
- The Allegheny serviceberry has finely-toothed, obovate leaves that emerge with a bronzish-purple tinge in spring, mature to lustrous dark green in summer, and turn red-orange in fall.
- Bark Description:
- The bark of this tree is smooth when young. As the tree ages, the bark develops rough long ridges and furrows.
- Stem Is Aromatic:
- Landscape Location:
- Landscape Theme:
- Butterfly Garden
- Native Garden
- Design Feature:
- Resistance To Challenges: