Viola cornuta, V. tricolor
- Common Name(s):
- Horned violet, Johnnyjump-up, Tufted violet, Viola
- Annuals, Perennials
Johnnyjump-ups are annual to perennial flowers (depending on winter temperatures) in the Violaceae family. They have showy two-toned fragrant flowers that appear from April to June. If blooming slows with warm summer weather prune back to encourage a second bloom in the fall. They prefer humusy, evenly moist, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. If they are perennial in your area, plant them in woodland gardens or along boarders. They tolerate being planted near black walnut trees. If they are annuals using them in bedding, window boxes, and containers.
Seasons of Interest:
Bloom: Spring-Summer, April-June
Wildlife Value: Nectar from the flowers attract butterflies and bees. Members of the genus Viola support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilis, Andrena (Gonandrena) integra, and Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia.
Insects, Diseases and Other Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. Susceptible to fungal leaf diseases. Watch for slugs and snails. This plant is frequently damaged by deer.
- Early spring; fall; winter
- Sun to partial shade
- 8-12 in.
- 6-8 in.
- Flower Color:
- Blue, bicolors, purple, white, yellow
- Zones 6-11
- Sun, to partial shade
- Organically rich, well drained
NCCES plant id: 153