- Common Name(s):
- Canadian violet
- Groundcover, Wildflowers
Canadian violets are North American wildflowers in the Violaceae family. They have showy fragrant white tinged with purple flowers from summer to fall. They do not spread by runners like other violets. They tolerate heavy shade and being planted under black walnut trees. They freely self-seed to the point of being weedy. They perform better in cool summer climates of the northern U.S. and Canada than in hot summers like most of North Carolina. They are probably too weedy for rock gardens or boarders but do well in shaded woodland gardens.
Seasons of Interest:
Bloom: Summer-Fall, June-October
Wildlife Value: Nectar from the flowers attract butterflies and bees. Members of the genus Viola support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilis, Andrena (Gonandrena) integra, and Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia. This plant is resistant to damage by deer.
Insects, Diseases and Other Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. Agressively self-seeds.
- Spring, summer
- .5-1.5 ft.
- Heart-shaped leaves; smooth to slightly hairy; one or more leafy stems
- 0.7 in. flowers on slender stalks arising from the leaf axis; white petals tinged with lilac on the back
- Herbaceous perennial
- Rich soil; partial shade to shade; prefers cool temperatures; medium to wet, well-drained soils.
- 1-1.5 ft
- Clump-forming, mounding
- Growth Rate:
- Life Cycle:
NCCES plant id: 2784