- Common Name(s):
- Rusty blackhaw, Rusty nannyberry, Southern blackhaw viburnum
- Royal Guard
- Native Plants, Shrubs, Trees
Viburnum rufidulum, commonly called southern black haw, rusty black haw or rusty nannyberry, is a deciduous, suckering shrub or small tree that typically grows 10-20’ tall. It is native from Virginia to Florida west to Kansas and Texas. Its bark is gray/brown with a fine blocky pattern.
Southern black haw is distinguished from the similar black haw (V. prunifolium) by its glossy green leaves and rusty brown hairs.
Regions: Piedmont, Coastal plains
Seasons of Interest:
Leaf: Fall Blooms: Early spring Nut/Fruit/Seed: Fall
Wildlife Value: The Rusty blackhaw is moderately resistant to damage from deer. It is a host plant for the spring/summer Azure butterflies. Its fruits are eaten by songbirds, squirrels and chipmonks.
- 10-20 ft.
- The Rusty blackhaw has tiny white flowers in showy rounded cymes (to 5” across) that bloom in spring. The flowers are followed by clusters of elliptic, edible, dark blue berries (to 3/8” long) that ripen in September-October.
- 5 to 9
- The Rusty blackhaw grows best in average, dry to medium, well-drained loams in full sun to part shade. This plant generally grows denser in full sun. More than one plant should be used in order to facilitate proper pollination necessary for abundant fruit production. Promptly remove root suckers to prevent colonial spread unless naturalization is desired. It also needs to be protected from strong winds.
- Large shrub or small tree; multi-stemmed; upright, oval
- Sun, Part shade
- 10-20 ft.
- The Rusty blackhaw has opposite, simple, glossy, leathery, ovate to obovate leaves (to 4” long) that are dark green. Its leaf undersides, buds and young stems are covered with rusty brown hairs.
NCCES plant id: 1831