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Tilia cordata

Common Name(s):
Littleleaf linden, Small leaf lime tree
Cultivar(s):
'Greenspire'
Categories:
Edible Plants, Trees
Comment:

Excellent street tree in the Malvaceae family.  It is a great urban tree tolerating poor soil, drought, and air pollution. It is more ideally suited for a northern climate than for the south.  It is easy to transplant and tolerates heavy pruning.  Its fall color is a pale yellow green and not very ornamental.

Seasons of Interest:

          Bloom: Summer, June Fruit: Summer, August

Wildlife Value:  The flowers attract butterflies and bees and it makes an excellent honey plant.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. Insect visitors include borers, scale, leaf miner, lace bugs, caterpillars, aphids and Japanese beetles. Spider mites can be troublesome, particularly in hot, dry periods. Verticillium wilt is infrequent, but can be fatal. Powdery mildew, leaf spots, and canker may occur. 

Height:
30-50 ft.
Flower:
Lacy cluster of fragrant cream to pale yellow flowers; followed by a showy nut like structure attached to a papery bract
Zones:
3 to 7
Habit:
Deciduous
Site:
Sun; moist, well drained soil but tolerates a range of soil conditions, sun to partial shade
Texture:
Medium
Form:
Pyramidal in youth; more rounded with age; densely branched; spreading
Width:
25-40 ft.
Growth Rate:
Slow to moderate
Leaf:
1.5 to 3 in. alternate, simple leaves; yellow-green fall color
Tags:
flowering tree, air pollution, urban, deciduous, street tree, drought tolerant, bees, nectar, pollinator, wildlife, shade tree, butterflies

NCCES plant id: 2220

Tilia cordata Leaves upper and underside
Tilia cordata Form
Haeferl, CC-BY-SA-3.0
Tilia cordata Leaves
Tilia cordata Leaves
Globetrotter19, CC-BY-SA-3.0
Tilia cordata Insect galls on leaves
Tilia cordata Flowers
Dinesh Valke, CC-BY-SA-2.0
Tilia cordata Trunk
Graham Cole, CC-BY-SA-2.0
Tilia cordata Form
Isidre Blanc, CC-BY-SA-3.0