- Common Name(s):
- New York fern
- Ferns, Native Plants, Perennials
A perennial species of fern found throughout the eastern United States and all three regions (mountains, Piedmont and coastal plain) of North Carolina. It is found in woodland areas and can form spreading colonies through its brown-black scaly, trailing rhizomes. They are common in sunny patches found from gaps in the overhead canopy. This fern is a wetland indicator and can survive and outcompete other species in soil pH below 4. It makes a good addition to a woodland garden filling in gaps when spring wildflowers fade and providing shelter for toads.
Regions: Mountain, Piedmont, Coastal Plains
Seasons of Interest: Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter
Wildlife Value: This plant provides excellent ground cover. Its parts are used in songbird nest construction.
- 1-2 feet
- Cumps of the New York Fern usually have at least three fronds which are brown at the base but become green as it approaches the leaflets. Leaves are 8-25" long, 4" wide, green-yellow with soft approximately 20 pinnae or leaflets are twice divided and taper in size as they reach both the tip and the base. The double cut pinnae give the fern throughout wispy texture.
- Root division
- Part shade, shade
- Acidic pH, damp, humus rich, rocky
- Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plaine
- Eastern United States and Canada
NCCES plant id: 2878