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Smilax smalli

Common Name(s):
Jacksonbrier, Smilax
Categories:
Native Plants, Vines
Comment:

Smilax smalli commonly called Greenbriar is normally found in coastal bogs, moist lowlands, and low sandy areas but will tolerate dry sites.  Most Greenbriar, or Catbriar, vines are woody, but a few are herbaceous.  Many are armed with thorns and most climb via tendrils. 

Regions:  Mountain, Piedmont, Coastal Plains

Seasons of Interest: 

  Blooms:   Spring           Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Fall

Wildlife Value:  The dense vine tangles provide nesting and hiding cover for birds and other wildlife.  Its fruits are eaten by songbirds, ruffed grouse, wide turkeys, and quail.  White-tailed deer browse the leaves and twigs, especially in the winter.  This plant is moderately resistant to damage from deer.   

 

Height:
6-10 ft.
Flower:
Smilax smalli has small green flowers and dark red to black fruit.
Zones:
7-9
Habit:
Evergreen
Texture:
Medium to coarse
Exposure:
Sun to partial shade; dry to moist soil
Fruit:
Dark red to black berries
Growth Rate:
Moderate
Climbing Method:
Arching branches
Tags:
vine, herbaceous, wildlife, evergreen

NCCES plant id: 557

Smilax smalli Smilax smalli
Suzanne Cadwell, CC BY-NC - 4.0
Smilax smalli Smilax smalli
Javier Alejandro